2016年3月2日 星期三

白禮博(Richard Bernstein)、歐逸文(Evan Osnos)、何偉(Peter Hessler);From the Center of the Earth By Richard Bernstein (1982)

RICHARD BERNSTEIN
From the Center of the Earth: The Search for the Truth About China (1982)

來自地心 台北: 黎明文化譯. 1982 此書沒授權 書名似乎故意亂翻 地心=地球的中心點。
應是來自地球中央: 中國真相之追求

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Bernstein

Richard Bernstein (born May 5, 1944) is an American journalist, columnist, and author. He writes the Letter from America column for The International Herald Tribune. He was a book critic at The New York Times and a foreign correspondent for both Time magazine and The New York Times in Europe and Asia.
  • Fragile Glory: A Portrait of France and the French (1990)
  • Dictatorship of Virtue: Multiculturalism and the Battle for America's Future (1994)
  • The Coming Conflict with China (1997), with Ross. H. Munro
  • Ultimate Journey: Retracing the Path of an Ancient Buddhist Monk Who Crossed Asia in Search of Enlightenment (2001)
  • Out of the Blue: The Story of September 11, 2001, from Jihad to Ground Zero (2002)
  • The East, the West, and Sex: A History of Erotic Encounters (2009)
  • A Girl Named Faithful Plum: The Story of a Dancer from China and How She Achieved Her Dream (2012)
  • China 1945 (2014)

"Mao’s own sincerity is deeply questionable. In Yenan after his negotiation with Chiang ended, Mao oversaw the CCP’s propaganda, which advertised the CCP as the party of peace, and he continued to move his troops as fast as possible into Manchuria. The Eighth Route Army had blocked all the ports except for Qinwangdao. In mid-November, Lin Biao occupied Changchun, one of the cities that the Soviets had designated as an airlift destination for government forces. The Soviets, always eager, they said, not to interfere in China’s internal affairs, did nothing to stop this from happening." -- Richard Bernstein, China 1945
In China 1945, Richard Bernstein tells the incredible story of the sea change that took place during that year—brilliantly analyzing its far-reaching components and colorful characters, from diplomats John Paton Davies and John Stewart Service to Time journalist, Henry Luce; in addition to Mao and his intractable counterpart, Chiang Kai-shek, and the indispensable Zhou Enlai. A tour de force of narrative history, China 1945 examines American power coming face-to-face with a formidable Asian revolutionary movement, and challenges familiar assumptions about the origins of modern Sino-American relations.



References

  1. ^ "The Times Names New Book Critic", The New York Times, 7 February 1995.
  2. ^ Biography, Master Media Speakers
  3. ^ Notable Books of the Year, 1997, The New York Times, 7 December 1997.

[edit] External links


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China: Let a Hundred Flowers Wilt

After allowing stirrings of protest, the government turns tough The charges ring disturbingly of the past: "Brazenly opposing the party's leadership, deviating from the orbit of socialism, desiring and envying the decadent, bourgeois way of life in the West." These and similar superheated phrases appearing in the Chinese press these days recall the years when ...
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China: A Leader's Rise, a Widow's Fall

Hu seems to displace Hua, as the Gang of Four trial ends The case of the missing Chairman seemed all but solved by default last week after a New Year's tea party in Peking's Great Hall of the People. The reception, televised to the Chinese people, was held by the Communist Party's Central Committee and ...
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CHINA: The Gang of Four on Trial

After many delays, the "evildoers "finally enter the dock The long parade of limousines and buses knifed through Peking's wintry smog just before 3 p.m. As police and soldiers kept away curious bystanders, sober-faced men and women emerged from the cars, strode through the gates of the public security compound at No. 1 Zhengyi (Justice) ...
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CHINA: The Empress Takes the Stand

Mao's widow defiantly refuses to cooperate and confess She stood at the witness stand, leaning with studied casualness against the wooden railing, and fixed her partly contemptuous, partly resigned gaze on the panel of judges in front of her. The courtroom was silent. Then, with klieg lights glaring, onetime Actress Jiang Qing gave the most ...
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Books: Mao's Misfits

THE EXECUTION OF MAYOR YIN AND OTHER STORIES FROM THE GREAT PROLETARIAN CULTURAL REVOLUTION by Chen Jo-hsi; Indiana University Press; 220 pages; $8.95 One of the losses of recent history is that during the long reign of Mao Tse-tung China produced almost no literature worthy of its tradition. Good living writers were silenced. Bookstores carried ...
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Books: Greater Walls

CHINESE SHADOWS by Simon Leys Viking; 220 pages; $10 An old Chinese tale tells about a tyrannical prime minister of the 3rd century B.C. who assembled his courtier to test their loyalty. He had a deer brough before them and proclaimed it a horse. Those who imprudently disagreed paid the price of calling a horse ...
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Books: Chinese Banquet

A REVOLUTION IS NOT A DINNER PARTY: A FEAST OF IMAGES OF THE MAOIST TRANSFORMATION OF CHINA by RICHARD H. SOLOMON 199 pages. Anchor Press/Doubleday. $9.95. This ingenious attempt to explain the mysteries of Chinese politics to Western readers has two unusual features. First, Richard Solomon, a China analyst with the National Security Council, and ...
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Books: Crime and Punishment?

COURTS OF TERROR: SOVIET CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND JEWISH EMIGRATION by TELFORD TAYLOR 187 pages. Knopf. $6.95. $1.95 paperback. Alexander Feldman from Kiev was sentenced to 3½ years in a Soviet labor camp. The charge: knocking a cake out of a woman's hands and addressing her obscenely. Pinkhas Pinkhasov, a carpenter from Derbent, received a term ...
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Books: The True Black Hand

THE WIND WILL NOT SUBSIDE: YEARS IN REVOLUTIONARY CHINA, 1964-1969 by DAVID MILTON and NANCY DALL MILTON 397 pages. Pantheon. $1 5. "I am alone with the masses, waiting," confided Mao Tse-tung to Andre Malraux in 1965. The "Great Helmsman" did not wait long. Within months he had launched the century's most idiosyncratic social upheaval: ...
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Books: Jews Without Manners

THE ORDEAL OF CIVILITY: Marx, Lévi-Strauss, and the Jewish Struggle with Modernity by JOHN MURRAY CUDDIHY 272 pages. Basic Books. $11.95. John Murray Cuddihy calls this jag ged meditation a "midrash." The metaphor is apt, for like a Talmudic exegesis, the book is a learned commentary on "sacred" texts, in this case those of the ...
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Books: The Confucian Factor

CHINA PERCEIVED: IMAGES AND POLICIES IN CHINESE-AMERICAN RELATIONS by JOHN K. FAIRBANK 245 pages. Alfred A. Knopf. $7.95. Nobody in the West has done more to clear up the mystery of China than John K. Fairbank, professor of Chinese history at Harvard. His latest book, a collection of 17 essays written between 1946 and 1974, ...
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Books: Unwarranted Ordeal

THE CHINA HANDS: AMERICA'S FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICERS AND WHAT BEFELL THEM by EJ. KAHN JR. 337 pages. Viking. $12.95. Americans are once again half in love with China. Senators now vie for invitations to Peking. Tourism to the People's Republic has gone from privilege to fad. Chinoiserie is the rage of the boutique. Indeed, in ...
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Books: Red Alert

FROM THE CENTER OF THE EARTH: THE SEARCH FOR THE TRUTH ABOUT CHINA by Richard Bernstein Little, Brown; 260 pages; $15.95 CHINA: ALIVE IN THE BITTER SEA by Fox Butterfield Times Books; 468 pages; $19.95 At a 1979 White House banquet honoring China's Vice Chairman Deng Xiaoping, Shirley MacLaine enthusiastically recalled a trip to the ...
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A Letter From The Publisher, Feb. 12, 1979

For Correspondent Richard Bernstein, stationed for two years in TIME's Hong Kong bureau, reporting on Teng Hsiaop'ing and his travels across the U.S. (see NATION and PRESS) proved especially dramatic and exciting. "It was a high point for any reporter who has covered China in the past," says Bernstein. "There was an unreal quality in ...
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Read more: http://search.time.com/results.html?Ntt=%22RICHARD+BERNSTEIN&x=0&y=0#ixzz1Ag3DZGTS



美國出版界最近推出兩本與中國近代史和當代史有關的著作,極受重視,這兩本書的作者都是名家,其中一本在11月19日那天晚上還得了國家書卷獎(非小說類)。
1979年,中共首度准許美國媒體在北京成立分社,《紐約時報》派包德甫(Fox Butterfield)、《時代》周刊則派白禮博(Richard Bernstein)出任特派員。包德甫後來寫了一本《苦海餘生》,賣得非常好,發了一筆財。調回國內後,曾任波士頓分社主任,有次報導強暴案透露受害者身分,備受抨擊,以及其他紕漏,從此消聲匿跡。白禮博在1982年出版《來自地心》,談他在中國所見所聞,銷路則不如《苦海餘生》。(改行)CHINA: ALIVE IN THE BITTER SEA by Fox Butterfield Times Books; 468 pages; $19.95 At a 1979 White House banquet honoring China's Vice Chairman Deng Xiaoping, Shirley MacLaine enthusiastically recalled a trip to the ...
70歲的白氏是猶太裔,比包德甫小5歲,從《時代》跳槽至《紐約時報》,歷任駐巴黎特派員和書評員。退休後勤於寫作,妻子是大陸舞蹈家李忠梅,有個10歲兒子,現住布魯克林。白禮博剛出版抗戰結束那年美國、國民黨與中共的三角關係,書名就叫《中國1945》,寫得很好。美國出版界有句話說,寧可看媒體人寫的歷史與傳記,因做過記者與編輯的人,對文字的運用、對故事的掌握,比學院派出身的還要靈活。寫美國捲入越戰的大衛‧哈伯斯坦、寫4大冊詹森傳的羅伯特‧卡洛都是做記者磨練出來。白禮博說,國共在抗戰結束後終起衝突,美國派赫爾利、魏德邁、馬歇爾赴華調處,皆無效果,責任不在美國,而在蘇聯。尤其是在1945年8月,史達林派出百萬大軍進入中國東北,全然改變了國共對峙的態勢,老毛從此確信蔣介石不但沒辦法在軍事上消滅共軍,而中共有機會以武力擊敗蔣介石。
把握中國大陸社會脈動
1949年中國大陸變色後,許多共和黨政客(包括部分保守派民主黨)都痛罵杜魯門「失去」中國,都把矛頭指向民主黨政府。白禮博強調,使蔣介石失去中國大陸的不是美國,而是史達林。導致史達林在東北又搶又拿又搬,並為中共鋪路的則是雅爾達會議。有些史家認為,即使沒有雅爾達密約,史達林亦會長驅直入東北。太多失誤造成河山變色,魏德邁力勸蔣介石不要把50萬國軍投入東北,而應強化長城以南、長江以北和華中一帶,老蔣不聽,後來後悔了,但已遲矣!白禮博這本《中國1945》,可以讓我們重溫69年前那段關鍵年代。
37歲的歐逸文(Evan Osnos)是美國的媒體後起之秀,他的父親彼得‧歐斯諾斯做過《華盛頓郵報》記者,日後成立「公共事務」出版社。歐逸文哈佛畢業後,先到《芝加哥論壇報》當記者,採訪過中東戰爭,2005年派赴北京。2008年9月加入《紐約客》雜誌,當北京特派員,一直做到去年,改任駐華府記者。在歐逸文之前,《紐約客》駐中國特派員是何偉(Peter Hessler,已調駐開羅)。不少人曾比較何偉和歐逸文的報導,我是《紐約客》的長期讀者,何偉的文字比較好,亦較有深度(那篇談學者陳夢家和趙蘿蕤的煎熬即為明證)。但歐逸文更會選題目,採訪很深入而全面。他採訪過瘋狂學英文的李陽和導演賈樟柯,亦親自跑到廣州非洲黑人區。他把他在大陸所寫的報導輯成《野心的時代:在新中國追求財富、真實和信仰》,角逐今年非小說類國家書卷獎,擊敗一批好手,脫穎而出。
歐逸文說他每寫一篇報導,總要花3個月或更多的時間,《紐約客》是份一流刊物,核實組即有20多名職員,為了何偉和歐逸文寫的中國報導,核實組又聘了兩名懂中文的職員。歐氏寫過上海復旦大學的憤青唐杰,也採訪過中國基督教徒。他在哈佛主修政治,一直對中國有濃厚興趣,大學還沒畢業就去過大陸,畢業那年又去了一次。他的中文不錯,在本京有人請他用中文演講,他不肯,他用中文說:「我不想讓我的中文丟人!」他把中國大陸的生活百態寫得很傳神,又細膩,頗能把握野心勃勃的新中國的社會脈動。
美政界缺中國問題專家
白禮博和歐逸文可說是兩個世代的美國媒體「中國通」,另一個兼具學院與媒體背景的老「中國通」是夏偉(Orville Schell)。當今美國學界和媒體擁有不少上乘的「中國通」,可悲的是,在政界卻找不到夠水準的中國問題專家,柯林頓時代還有個密西根大學出身的李侃如和溫斯頓‧羅德。歐巴馬口口聲聲說要把外交重心移向亞太,「中國通」卻不見蹤影,難怪美國政府對中國經常出現「瞎子摸象」的奇景。


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