THOUSANDS MARCH ON CAPITOL
Thousands of students and activists marched through Sacramento's streets and rallied outside the state Capitol on Monday to protest cuts to California's colleges and universities. "They say cut back, we say fight back!" the students chanted while waving signs saying "fund education, not war" and "cuts in education never heal." The plaza on the west side of the Capitol was teeming with protesters during the rally, which was billed as a chance to "occupy the Capitol." Outside the building, student leaders and top Democrats who voted to slash higher education budgets last year addressed the crowd. "We've cut billions of dollars and I've hated every minute of it," said Senate President Darrell Steinberg (D-Sacramento). The article is in the L.A. Times.
As effort spreads outside of NYC, Big Apple organizers look to double down.
An elderly group leads a march up Broadway towards Police Headquarters, Friday, Sept. 30, 2011, in New York. The 示威者
A large group of protesters affiliated with the Occupy Wall Street movement march across the Brooklyn Bridge, effectively shutting parts of it down, Saturday, Oct. 1, 2011 in New York. Police arrested dozens while trying to clear the road and reopen for traffic. (Foto:Will Stevens/AP/dapd)示威景象
By COLIN MOYNIHAN
The police in New York City made scores of arrests as hundreds of people, many of whom had been encamped in a lengthy protest, marched north to Union Square.
昨晚在HBO 看到半部的 應該是這片 Capitalism: A Love Story (2009) 聲討美國政府將大筆納稅人的錢拿去救製造出金融危機的各家華爾街公司或銀行
Moore, Michael, 1954-, American documentary filmmaker, author, and sociopolitical activist, b. Flint, Mich. After working as an alternative print and radio journalist, he embarked on a career as a highly personal, populist, frequently polarizing, and increasingly controversial documentary filmmaker. Appalled by his native city's economic decline as a result of downsizing and closings by General Motors, he made Roger & Me (1989), a satirical journey in which he unsuccessfully tries to meet with GM's chairman. His next major work, Bowling for Columbine (2002; Academy Award), is a scathing look at America's gun culture. Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004), his most controversial and financially successful film to date, is an angry critique of the Bush administration's handling of post-9/11 events and Iraq. His next documentary, Sicko (2007), an indictment of the American healthcare industry, focuses on the ways private insurance companies, primarily HMOs, deny appropriate care to subscribers. His film Capitalism: A Love Story (2009) is a scorching attack on the contemporary free-market system that explores and deplores corporate dominance of American society and its disastrous effects on the lives of ordinary citizens. Moore also has produced television programs combining news and satire and written several provocative books, e.g., Downsize This! (1996), Stupid White Men (2001), and Dude, Where's My Country? (2003).
See K. Lawrence, ed., The World according to Michael Moore (2004).
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the then President of the United States, during his State of the Union Address on January 11, 1944. In his address Roosevelt suggested that the nation had come to recognize, and should now implement, a second "bill of rights". Roosevelt's argument was that the "political rights" guaranteed by the constitution and the Bill of Rights had "proved inadequate to assure us equality in the pursuit of happiness." Roosevelt's remedy was to declare an "economic bill of rights" which would guarantee:
- Employment, with a living wage,
- Freedom from unfair competition and monopolies,
- Medical care,
- Education, and,
- Social security
“The Economic Bill of Rights”Excerpt from President Roosevelt's January 11, 1944 message to the Congress of the United States on the State of the Union:
|“||It is our duty now to begin to lay the plans and determine the strategy for the winning of a lasting peace and the establishment of an American standard of living higher than ever before known. We cannot be content, no matter how high that general standard of living may be, if some fraction of our people—whether it be one-third or one-fifth or one-tenth—is ill-fed, ill-clothed, ill-housed, and insecure. |
This Republic had its beginning, and grew to its present strength, under the protection of certain inalienable political rights—among them the right of free speech, free press, free worship, trial by jury, freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. They were our rights to life and liberty.
As our nation has grown in size and stature, however—as our industrial economy expanded—these political rights proved inadequate to assure us equality in the pursuit of happiness.
We have come to a clear realization of the fact that true individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. “Necessitous men are not free men.” People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made.
In our day these economic truths have become accepted as self-evident. We have accepted, so to speak, a second Bill of Rights under which a new basis of security and prosperity can be established for all—regardless of station, race, or creed.
Among these are:
The right to a useful and remunerative job in the industries or shops or farms or mines of the nation;
The right to earn enough to provide adequate food and clothing and recreation;
The right of every farmer to raise and sell his products at a return which will give him and his family a decent living;
The right of every businessman, large and small, to trade in an atmosphere of freedom from unfair competition and domination by monopolies at home or abroad;
The right of every family to a decent home;
The right to adequate medical care and the opportunity to achieve and enjoy good health;
The right to adequate protection from the economic fears of old age, sickness, accident, and unemployment;
The right to a good education.
All of these rights spell security. And after this war is won we must be prepared to move forward, in the implementation of these rights, to new goals of human happiness and well-being.
America's own rightful place in the world depends in large part upon how fully these and similar rights have been carried into practice for all our citizens.
For unless there is security here at home there cannot be lasting peace in the world.
Lost footageRoosevelt's January 11 address was delivered via radio, as the President was suffering from the flu at the time. During the last portion dealing with the Second Bill of Rights, he asked news cameras to come in and begin filming for later broadcast. This footage was believed lost until it was uncovered in 2008 in South Carolina by Michael Moore while researching for the film Capitalism: A Love Story. The footage shows Roosevelt's Second Bill of Rights address in its entirety, as well as a shot of the Five Rights printed on a sheet of paper.
SignificanceThis bill of rights held a number of parallels with the programme of the New Deal. It also reflected some elements of the 1936 Soviet Constitution, which guaranteed to the Soviet citizens the right to work, rest and leisure, health protection, care in old age and sickness, housing, education, and cultural benefits.
- ^ "State of the Union Message to Congress".
- ^ This phrase is found in the old English property law case, Vernon v Bethell (1762) 28 ER 838, according to Lord Henley LC
- ^ http://www.thedailybeast.com/blogs-and-stories/2009-09-22/the-best-scenes-from-michael-moores-new-movie/ [accessed 12 October 2010]
- ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1232207/ starting approximately at time code 1:55:00
一幕令人難以忘懷：自9.11恐怖襲擊開始的四個工作日內﹐紐約證券交易所（New York Stock Exchange﹐簡稱：紐交所）暫停了交易﹐當時就在不遠處﹐世界貿易中心（World Trade Center）的廢墟上的烈火還在燃燒。
Spencer Platt/Getty Images
紐交所對其交易大廳的依賴程度已經大大降低﹐其2006年收購電子交 易商Archipelago及其同德意志交易所（Deutsche Borse AG）合併的待決交易增加了其全球知名度。紐約大學斯特恩商學院（New York University's Stern School of Business）教授史密斯（Roy Smith）說﹐如今﹐華爾街與其說是一個地理概念﹐不如說是一個心理概念。
9.11 恐怖襲擊發生之後﹐觀察人士預測﹐紐約金融業精英會因安全風險逃離曼哈頓南端﹐紐約的金融業也可能萎縮。10年後﹐紐約金融業的規模確實縮小了﹐金融機構 的分佈也更加廣泛。紐約州數據顯示﹐紐約市證券業從業人員的數量從超過19萬人下降到16.8萬人。世貿雙塔的倒塌加快了大公司撤出曼哈頓下城的步伐。曾 是世界貿易中心最大租戶的摩根士丹利（Morgan Stanley）已將其總部搬至中城﹐並將其它一些業務遷出紐約﹐以避免業務中斷的影響。
但 華爾街卻遠未荒蕪。紐交所、德意志銀行（Deutsche Bank AG）和紐約梅隆銀行（Bank of New York Mellon Corp.）是那些主要業務還留在“街”上的金融機構的代表。在曼哈頓下城六個街區之遙﹐高盛集團（Goldman Sachs Group Inc.）新總部大樓已經啟用﹐大樓就位於從未離開紐約的金融業巨頭美國運通公司（American Express Co.）的北面。
由 於投資者規避風險﹐貝爾斯登（Bear Stearns）和雷曼兄弟（Lehman Brothers）這樣一度受人尊敬的公司因沒有能夠得到救援資金而紛紛倒下。在9.11恐怖襲擊之前﹐雷曼兄弟曾租用世界貿易中心和毗鄰的世界金融中心 （World Financial Center）的辦公室﹐9.11之後才搬到中城。三年前的9月雷曼兄弟的破產迫使政府提供價值數萬億美元的擔保以支持銀行系統和金融市場﹐這也為如今緊 張的市場和脆弱的經濟復蘇埋下了隱患。
Suzanne Kapner / Randall Smith / Aaron Lucchetti