2016年4月28日 星期四

《愛默森選集 》, The Portable Emerson《 愛默森傳 》《愛默生 》《愛茂生札記》 Representative Men

Ralph Waldo Emerson died in Concord, Massachusetts, on this day in 1882 (aged 78).
"Thine Eyes Still Shined"
Thine eyes still shined for me, though far
I lonely roved the land or sea:
As I behold yon evening star,
Which yet beholds not me. *
This morn I climbed the misty hill
And roamed the pastures through;
How danced thy form before my path
Amidst the deep-eyed dew!
When the redbird spread his sable wing,
And showed his side of flame;
When the rosebud ripened to the rose,
In both I read thy name.
*
Ralph Waldo Emerson is one of the best-loved figures in nineteenth-century American literature. Though he earned his central place in our culture as an essayist and philosopher, since his death his reputation as a poet has grown as well. Known for challenging traditional thought and for his faith in the individual, Emerson was the chief spokesman for the Transcendentalist movement. His poems speak to his most passionately held belief: that external authority should be disregarded in favor of one’s own experience. From the embattled farmers who “fired the shot heard round the world” in the stirring “Concord Hymn,” to the flower in “The Rhodora,” whose existence demonstrates “that if eyes were made for seeing, / Then Beauty is its own excuse for being,” Emerson celebrates the existence of the sublime in the human and in nature.



The Economist
12小時
Ralph Waldo Emerson died on April 27th 1882. A key figure in the American Transcendental Club—a group of "liberal thinkers, agreeing in nothing but their liberality"—Emerson's central doctrine was of the "infinitude of the private man"



讀Facebook 一文很想把它抄下......只好作點筆記.....

 Ralph Waldo Emerson chose "Montaigne; or, the Skeptic" as a subject of one of his series of lectures entitled Representative Men, alongside other subjects such ...
 我許久以前讀過何欣翻譯的《代表性人物》,不過早就忘記他談論的蒙田

Montaigne; or, the Skeptic - Emerson Texts


 In 1571, on the death of his father, Montaigne, then thirty-eight years old, retired from the practice of law at Bordeaux, and settled himself on his estate. Though he had been a man of pleasure and sometimes a courtier, his studious habits now grew on him, and he loved the compass, staidness and independence of the country gentleman's life. He took up his economy in good earnest, and made his farms yield the most. Downright and plain-dealing, and abhorring to be deceived or to deceive, he was esteemed in the country for his sense and probity. In the civil wars of the League, which converted every house into a fort, Montaigne kept his gates open and his house without defence. All parties freely came and went, his courage and honor being universally esteemed. The neighboring lords and gentry brought jewels and papers to him for safekeeping. Gibbon reckons, in these bigoted times, but two men of liberality in France,- Henry IV and Montaigne.



最早接觸Emerson的中國人說不定是胡適之先生.

胡適日记全集, 第 1 卷 1906-1914

頁352  1914.7.5 愛茂生札記》(及批評) 此Emerson 今日稱為"愛默生"
 ........愛氏所記多樂天之語. 其畢生所持  以為天地之間 隨在皆有真理  一邱一壑  一花一鳥皆有真理存焉


胡適前夜在牧師Dr. C. W. Heizer 家讀它1836-38 札記 (此冊四五百頁   已經出版5冊) 數十頁.
此牧師年輕時親炙Emerson 在康乃爾大學幫助Ethic Club等討論 Emerson 見

The Cornell Daily Sun, Volume 89, Number 89, 21 January 1913 — STUDENT AFFAIRS COMMITTEE [ARTICLE]  STUDENT AFFAIRS COMMITTEE — The Cornell Daily Sun 21 



 陳波  《愛默 台北:東大圖書館, 1999 (世界哲學家叢書)

《 愛默森傳 》 台北:天華1978 陳蒼多譯  The Life of Emerson 1932
布爾在《愛默生傳》所說,愛默生與他的學說,是美國最重要的世俗宗教。


《愛默森選集 》張愛玲譯   香港:今日世界  1953 

H.K. World Today Press .
愛默森 (Emerson, Ralph Waldo), 1803-1882.
Bib ID
vtls000217638
出版項
臺北市 : 皇冠文學出版公司, 1992
262面 ; 21公分.


The Portable Emerson / 范道倫(Mark Van Doren)編輯 ;

  • Mass Market Paperback
  • Publisher: Viking (1968)
  • ASIN: B004011D06

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