2014年5月14日 星期三

This is Not a Diary by Zygmut Bauman rebuffs plagiarism accusation此非日記 / Louis Althusser 來日方長︰阿爾都塞自傳

Zygmunt Bauman (born 19 November 1925) is a Polish sociologist. Since 1971, he has resided in England after being driven out of Poland by an anti-semitic campaign, engineered by the Communist government he had previously supported. Professor of sociology at the University of Leeds (and since 1990 emeritus professor), Bauman has become best known for his analyses of the links between modernity and the Holocaust, and of postmodern consumerism.


This is Not a Diary

Front Cover
Polity, Feb 27, 2012 - Social Science - 200 pages
This is not a diary: while these observations were recorded in autumn 2010 and spring 2011 in the form of dated entries, they are not a personal reflection but an attempt to capture signs of our times in their movement - possibly at birth, at a stage when they are still barely perceptible, and in any case before they have matured into common, all too familiar forms, escaping our attention due to their banality. Some will perhaps settle in our daily life for a long time to come, others will fade and vanish before they would otherwise have a chance to be noted, recorded and explored in depth: in our fast-moving, protean and kaleidoscopic world, it is hardly possible to predict their future course and to decide in advance which of them will grow in volume and significance and which will prove to have been still-born. Whatever their fate, the author tried to take a leaf from William Blake's precept of seeing the universe in a grain of sand - and, having done so, alert us to what is or may be happening to our individual lives, forms of togetherness, shared prospects; to the ways we perceive and relate to each other, the forces that shape our life chances and itineraries; and to the ways we try to control, or at least influence, and sometimes even reform for the better, some or all those dimensions of our existence.These timely meditations by one of the most perceptive social thinkers of our time will appeal to a wide range of readers.

中文翻譯有些疏忽 譬喻 pointillist 不是斑斑駁駁
實驗.....start them off  非"開啟" 
 quasi-diary he reflects 黑體字沒翻 (中文p.5 英文p.3


  • 作者:(英)齊格蒙‧鮑曼
  • 出版社:灕江出版社
  • 出版日期:2013年
  •  收入的是齊格蒙•鮑曼于2011—2012年里寫下的日記式隨筆,他在文中對快速流動的現代社會中民主、自由、信仰等理念所遭遇的困境作了清晰而深刻的闡述,指出它們未來衍變的可能性方向,同時他也對西方政治現實、社會學家的人文立場作了獨到而令人深省的評論。

  • 目次
  •  2010年9月
來日方長︰阿爾都塞"自傳" ---不是一般自傳/回憶錄是"懺悔錄"兼"答辯錄"......
中文譯者"3個月"就譯出 約1999-2000. 不知何故十幾年之後才出版.

 1976年秋~冬 『事実』[最初の自伝草稿]を執筆

 1977年5月 『第22回大会』を上梓。内容は1976年12月の講演。マスペロ社(fr.)『からの「延安叢書」(Cahier Yenan)の発刊の機会にアラン・バディウと再び接触。


アルチュセールは、1985年3月14日付の『ル・モンド』紙のある記事を目に留める。それは、パリ人肉事件の佐川一政が 書いた本の成功を取り上げた、クロード・サロートの記事だった。彼は精神病院に一時拘留されたが、予審免訴の恩恵を受け、すぐに本国に返されている。サ ロートはこう書いている。「我々報道者というものは、アルチュセールという権威的名前と、予審免訴というおいしい話とを一緒くたにして、すぐにことを大げ さに考える。犠牲者? そんなことには、三行すら書く必要もなかろう。主役は犯人である。」
アルチュセールの友人は、反論を勧めた。しかし、彼も予審免訴に与っているのだから、その記事はたしかに当を得ている。こうして、アルチュセールは 自伝をものして、自分のしたことを説明しようとしたのだ。(『未来は長く続く』の「編者による紹介」を参照〔邦訳には載っていない〕。)

Louis Althusser
Born Louis Pierre Althusser
16 October 1918
Birmendreïs, French Algeria
Died 22 October 1990 (aged 72)


作者: [法]路易·阿尔都塞
出版社: 世纪文景/上海人民出版社
副标题: 阿尔都塞自传
译者: 蔡鸿滨 / 陈越
出版年: 2013-5
页数: 440

内容简介  · · · · · ·

作者简介  · · · · · ·

目录  · · · · · ·

中文版序言  陳樂民

2013-5-22 8:48:21 來源:易文網 作者:蔡鴻濱


   最後.還要感謝老友陳君樂民的女兒陳 豐,是她挽救了被擱置幾年的本書譯文;也要感謝北京世紀文景文化公司的幾位編輯,是他們代我們那位早已失散的老同學,幫助我們實現了多年的夙願。中華人民 共和國開國大典時,我和樂民老友站在天安門西側西三座門南邊自由觀禮,見到這位老同學走在群眾遊行隊伍裏,我們彼此打打招呼,從那以後就杳無音訊了。


Zygmunt Bauman rebuffs plagiarism accusation

Sociologist claims high-quality scholarship does not depend on obedience to technical rules on referencing
Zygmunt Bauman
Source: Alamy
Pointed remarks: Zygmunt Bauman argues that high-quality scholarship does not depend on ‘obedience’ to ‘technical’ rules
An eminent sociologist has claimed that high-quality scholarship does not depend on “obedience” to “technical” rules on referencing after a PhD student accused him of plagiarising from websites, including Wikipedia, in his latest book.
Zygmunt Bauman, emeritus professor of sociology at the University of Leeds, was responding to claims that he fails to clearly indicate that several passages in his 2013 book Does the Richness of the Few Benefit Us All? are exact or near-exact quotations from the online encyclopedia and other web sources.
His accuser, Peter Walsh, a University of Cambridge PhD student, said the websites are at times mentioned in passing as sources, but Professor Bauman does not make clear, through quotation marks or indented text, that he is directly reproducing material. He said this fulfilled the definition of plagiarism in the Harvard Guide to Using Sources.
Mr Walsh also flags up several instances in which the 88-year-old academic, after whom a sociology institute is named at Leeds, appears to reproduce mistakes in the allegedly plagiarised sources.
“He appears to have found [online] evidence to support his claims and stopped there.
“He hasn’t shown any desire to check the facts, statistics and quotes in his sources, and that is fairly elementary,” Mr Walsh explained.
Mr Walsh said he was a “huge admirer” of Professor Bauman, who has published nearly 30 books since the year 2000, and had only stumbled upon the alleged plagiarism after following up a reference in the book to the 1998 Human Development Report.
“These reports are published every year [by the United Nations Development Programme]. I wondered why he was referring to such an old one, especially as his argument is that economic inequality has been getting worse in recent years,” he added.
Mr Walsh said a Google search revealed that he appeared to have “lazily plagiarised” a 2012 interview transcript from Asia Times Online, which also refers to the 1998 report, and in the process had reproduced mistakes. These included an erroneous reference to where the statistics were quoted in the UN report.
“After that, I noticed a number of casual references to Wikipedia, and was rather surprised that an ‘old-school’ intellectual would be so reliant upon it. I then thought it worthwhile to delve a little deeper,” he continued.
Mr Walsh admitted that it was “risky” to speak out against such a renowned figure, with “a number of allies built up over an exceptional career”.
“There has been a real need to proceed with caution, and I’ve taken advice from as many people as I could,” he explained.
But he said that Professor Bauman’s reputation made it especially important that “violations of the most elementary of scholarly standards” were exposed “if the reputation of academic sociology is something worth fighting for”.
Shown the allegations by Times Higher Education, Professor Bauman said that in 60 years of publishing he had “never once failed to acknowledge the authorship of the ideas or concepts that I deployed, or that inspired the ones I coined”.
“All the same, while admiring the pedantry of the authors of the Harvard Guide to Using Sources, and acknowledging their gallant defence of the private ownership of knowledge, I failed in those 60-odd years to spot the influence of the obedience to technical procedural rules of quotations on the quality (reliability, effectiveness and above all social importance) of scholarship: the two issues that Mr Walsh obviously confuses,” he said.
“As his co-worker in the service of knowledge, I can only pity him.”
Mr Walsh retorted that there was “nothing pedantic about asking authors to indicate when they are using the words of other authors”. He said Leeds’ own guide on plagiarism contained similar prescriptions.
Professor Bauman’s publisher, Polity, declined to comment on whether it had checked Professor Bauman’s manuscript for plagiarism.
A senior Cambridge academic, who asked to not be named, agreed that Professor Bauman had “a strong prima facie case to answer”. He knew of several graduate students who had been failed because their theses had been found to contain unacknowledged passages. He suggested that Professor Bauman’s apparent indifference was the result of “generational differences”.
Earlier this year, Lewis Wolpert, emeritus professor in cell and developmental biology at University College London, apologised for including unattributed material, including from Wikipedia, in two recent books. He said that after downloading the passages he had forgotten he had not written them.
Mr Walsh noted Wikipedia’s own warning against using it for academic projects because “anyone…can edit an article, deleting accurate…or adding false information”.