Ernesto Laclau (Spanish: [laˈklau]; 6 October 1935 – 13 April 2014) was an Argentinepolitical theorist. He is often described as post-Marxist. He is well-known for his collaborations with his long-term partner, Chantal Mouffe.
He studied History in Buenos Aires, graduating from the Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires in 1964, and received a PhD from the University of Essex in 1977.
Since 1986 he served as Professor of Political Theory at the University of Essex, where he founded and directed for many years the graduate programme in Ideology and Discourse Analysis, as well as the Centre for Theoretical Studies in the Humanities and the Social Sciences. Under his directorship, the Ideology and Discourse Analysis programme has provided a research framework for the development of a distinct type of discourse analysis that draws on post-structuralist theory (especially the work of Saussure, Derrida, andWittgenstein) and psychoanalysis (primarily the work of Lacan) to provide innovative analysis of concrete political phenomena, such as identities, discourses and hegemonies. This theoretical and analytical orientation is known today as the 'Essex School of discourse analysis'.
- Politics and Ideology in Marxist Theory (NLB, 1977)
- Hegemony and Socialist Strategy (with Chantal Mouffe) (Verso, 1985)
- New Reflections on the Revolution of our Time (Verso, 1990)
- The Making of Political Identities (editor) (Verso, 1994)
- Emancipation(s) (Verso, 1996)
- Contingency, Hegemony, Universality (with Judith Butler and Slavoj Žižek) (Verso, 2000)
- On Populist Reason (Verso, 2005)
- The Rhetorical Foundations of Society (Verso, 2014)
- 作者： Laclau, Ernesto
- 原文出版社：Random House Inc
Postmodernism : the key figures / edited by Hans Bertens and Joseph Natoli
Malden, Mass. : Blackwell Publishers, 2002