2016年8月5日 星期五

Forster's genius was quiet; Howard's End, E. M. Forster's classic 1910

Both as a writer and as a moralist, E.M. Forster regarded the exploration of abstract forms and ideas as dubious, valuing messy humanity instead. Some regarded this as woolly thinking—a famous Cambridge critic, F.R. Leavis, believed his lectures were characterised by “intellectual nullity”. But the novelist—who died on June 7th 1970—was covertly sophisticated


E.M. Forster died on this day in 1970
ECON.ST





Everyman's Library

“The tragedy of preparedness has scarcely been handled, save by the Greeks. Life is indeed dangerous, but not in the way morality would have us believe. It is indeed unmanageable, but the essence of it is not a battle. It is unmanageable because it is a romance, and its essence is romantic beauty.”
―from HOWARDS END (sic) by E.M. Forster
"I do like Christmas on the whole.... In its clumsy way, it does approach Peace and Goodwill. But it is clumsier every year."
~from "Howard's End" by E.M. Forster
First published in 1910, Howards End is the novel that earned E. M. Forster recognition as a major writer. At its heart lie two families—the wealthy and business-minded Wilcoxes and the cultured and idealistic Schlegels. When the beautiful and independent Helen Schlegel begins an impetuous affair with the ardent Paul Wilcox, a series of events is sparked—some very funny, some very tragic—that results in a dispute over who will inherit Howards End, the Wilcoxes' charming country home.



Howards End (1910) is an ambitious "condition-of-England" novel concerned with different groups within the Edwardian middle classes represented by the Schlegels (bohemian intellectuals), the Wilcoxes (thoughtless plutocrats) and the Basts (struggling lower-middle-class aspirants).
It is frequently observed that characters in Forster's novels die suddenly. This is true of Where Angels Fear to Tread, Howards End and, most particularly, The Longest Journey.

著名的小說就叫"Howard's End"(中文譯本叫做《綠苑春濃》,聯經,1992;
《此情可問天》,業強,1992),書名中的Howard是姓氏,End是宅第的名稱,通常位置在一條街道的盡頭, ...

Peter Drucker 認為Howards End 一書是 E. M. Forster (1879-1970)的小說中最偉大的,也是20世紀最細緻的英國散文作品。它可以作為英國階級系統的寓言;書中可見維繫社會的禮儀已開始瓦解了。小說中提到的德國表兄妹雖從未露面,但他們的醜陋、驕慢和目中無人的優越感卻是籠罩全書的陰影。 ({旁觀者的時代},頁253)


Howards End英文原文
http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2891/pg2891.txt


end 角




  • The outside or extreme edge or physical limit; a boundary: the end of town.
  • (面をもつものの)端の部分, 境界(線), 周辺地域, はずれ


    The monument to Forster in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, near Rooks Nest where Forster grew up and on which he based the setting for his novel Howards End. The area is now known as Forster Country.




    電影情節已忘 One of the best Ismail Merchant/James Ivory films, this adaptation of E. M. Forster's classic 1910 novel shows in careful detail the injuriously rigid British class consciousness of the early 20th century. The film's catalyst is "poor relation" Margaret Schlegel (Emma Thompson), who inherits part of the estate of Ruth Wilcox (Vanessa Redgrave), an upper-class woman whom she had befriended. The film's principal characters are divided by caste: aristocratic industrial Henry Wilcox (Anthony Hopkins); middle-echelon Margaret and her sister Helen (Helena Bonham Carter); and working-class clerk Leonard Bast (Sam West) and his wife (Nicola Duffett). The personal and social conflicts among these characters ultimately result in tragedy for Bast and disgrace for Wilcox, but the film's wider theme remains the need, in the words of the novel's famous epigram, to "only connect" with other people, despite boundaries of gender, class, or petty grievance. Filmed on a proudly modest budget, Howards End offers sets, spectacles, and costumes as lavish as in any historical epic. Nominated for 9 Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director, the film took home awards for Thompson as Best Actress, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala's adapted screenplay, and Luciana Arrighi's art direction. ~ Hal Erickson, Rovi



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      1. Howards End 1992 Subtitulos en español

        • 1 month ago
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        CINE DE 1992 " La mansión Howard " con Anthony Hopkins, y Emma Thompson --- Director: James Ivory Estreno --- 13 / 03 ...


    電影名稱:[英]霍華德莊園/此情可問天/Howards End
    電影類型:劇情/愛情
    上映日期:1992
    劇情簡介:
      故事發生在20世紀的英國,瑪格麗特和海倫兩姐妹結識了富有而又保守的威爾科斯一家。而海倫就與保羅威爾科斯產生了一段短暫的感情後離開了威家,而瑪格麗特卻與威爾科斯太太建立起了融洽的關係。不久威爾科斯太太病重死去,並留下遺囑將鄉村別墅霍華德莊園贈給瑪格麗特。遺囑被亨利發現並將它隱藏起來。亨利向瑪格麗特表達了愛慕之情並向她求婚,瑪格麗特答應了他。海倫離開威家以後偶然認識了小職員倫納德巴斯特,海倫的聰明和熱情激發了他的靈感,而巴斯特有著一段不幸的婚姻。不久巴斯特被老闆解雇,海倫因此而請求亨利幫助,但亨利卻發現巴斯特的妻子是他過去的情人,所以拒絕了海倫的請求。感情上受到折磨的巴斯特和海倫一起過了一夜。第二天海倫不辭而別去了莊園。婚後的瑪格麗特始終想讓兩家關係相互融洽起來。她安排海倫來霍華德莊園度假,卻發現她已懷上了巴斯特的孩子。威爾科斯家的大兒子查理斯認為這有失體統,與巴斯特發生爭執,卻將其打死,他自己也因此進了監獄。瑪格麗特掌管了霍華⋯⋯

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