2016年8月10日 星期三

《德國歷史中的文化誘惑》The Seduction of Culture in German History By Wolf Lepenies


馮 強
湯瑪斯.曼對美國的沉思──勒佩尼斯《德國歷史中的文化誘惑》讀後

二十一世紀評論2012年8月號 總第一三二期











2015.4.23 讀《德國歷史中的文化誘惑》第2章。現在更能掌握Mann的思想來龍去脈。


可Google 全書, 所以應善加利用。
譬如說 用"bloom"去找
http://books.google.com/books/princeton?hl=en&q=bloom&vid=ISBN9780691121314&btnG.x=10&btnG.y=8&btnG=Search+This+Book#v=snippet&q=bloom&f=false


又譬如說 本書說:
Anglo-Saxon Attitudes 是1871 年 Lewis Carroll 在 Through the Looking-Glass 中所鑄。
以後又是一本著名小說的書名:Anglo-Saxon Attitudes is a satirical novel by Angus Wilson, published in 1956. It was Wilson's most popular book, and many consider it his best work.[1]


原書內容精彩。
漢譯和編書問題多多, 除了下述目錄中的紅字:

Online Library of Liberty - The Sphere and Duties of Government ... - [ 翻譯此頁 ]The Online Library of Liberty is provided in order to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals by making freely ...
sphere 不是"權力" ....



This book has been translated into:
  • Serbian
  • Spanish
  • Italian
  • 漢文還未計入



http://press.princeton.edu/titles/8143.html

bookjacket

The Seduction of Culture in German History
Wolf Lepenies

Wolf Lepenies, winner of the 2006 Peace Prize of the German Booksellers' Association


德國歷史中的文化誘惑 The Seduciton of Culture in German History
[德]沃爾夫‧勒佩尼斯(Wolf Lepenies),劉春芳 高新華譯。譯林出版社,2010

德 國人之迷戀文化、推崇文化令人震驚——即使在經濟困難時期,柏林都擁有三座歌劇院。然而,《德國歷史中的文化誘惑》揭示的絕不僅僅是這個民族迷戀文化的歷 史。本書還透徹細致地分析了文化如何能夠在民主政治時期成為道德操守的替代品。憑借其卓越的才華、微妙的反諷及優美的文筆,勒佩尼斯還開創性地對美國及法 國的文化歷史進行了探討,縱貫從俾斯麥時期到當今的社會現實。


沃爾夫‧勒佩尼斯,德國首屈一指的知識精英,2006年德國書業和平獎獲得者。他曾任德國柏林高等研究院院長(1986—2001),現在是該學院的終身教授。勒佩尼斯也是柏林自由大學的社會學教授,並曾在普林斯頓高等研究院任職數年。勒佩尼斯著作等身,且定期為德國國家級報刊《世界報》撰寫文章。代表作 有《憂郁與社會》(1969)、《社會學史》(1981)、《歐洲知識分子的興起與衰落》(1992)、《文化與政治》(2006)等。

目錄



紅色表示翻譯有問題


導言德累斯頓上空的炸彈與《玫瑰騎士》
一 文化︰崇高的選擇
衰減的特性
冷漠的政治觀
德意志精神與德意志帝國

二 從共和到流亡
托馬斯‧曼的政治觀念
法西斯主義的美學魅力
藝術與道德
流亡與移民 (漏字)

三 諾瓦利斯與惠特曼︰德國浪漫主義與美國民主
沒有歌劇的國家
約瑟在美國
德國的民主
愛默生的舵手︰貝多芬與貝蒂娜


四 德國文化在國外︰失敗中的勝利
美國精神的封閉
面臨危機的德國精神
平靜地告別歐洲


五 法德文化之戰
兩次革命
“流亡”的歌德
“文化戰爭”的根源
社會學史上的謎團
文化使者︰哈布瓦赫
逐出柏林
哈布瓦赫之死
奇怪的失敗
知識分子的抵抗
德國革命的局限性

六 德國本土文化︰道德的崩潰智性的崛起
德國的浩劫
文化的復蘇
內心的流亡
德國人與猶太人的流散

七 典型的德國人︰浮士德墨菲斯托
民意調查中的歌德
1945年之後的歌德

八 德國的再統一︰知識階層的失敗
文化的衛士
東德知識分子的災難
知識分子的悲喜劇

文化︰中歐的終結
歐洲︰夢想與官僚
文化勝過權力

十 反諷與政治︰歐洲與美國的文化愛國主義
熱愛美國的歐洲人
哈姆雷特與福丁布拉斯
歐洲侏儒與美國巨人
美國歷史的反諷

十一 統一後的德國︰尋求道德典範
文化與現實政治
政治問題的文化出路


參考文獻
譯名對照表(不完整)
缺索引
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Introduction Bombs over Dresden and the Rosenkavalier in the Skies 1
Chapter 1: Culture: A Noble Substitute 9
Lessons in Diminished Particularity 9
A Strange Indifference to Politics 11
The German Spirit and the German Reich 16

Chapter 2: From the Republic into Exile 27
Reflections of a Political Thomas Mann 27
The Aesthetic Appeal of Fascism 36
Art and Morality 45
The Blurring of Exile and Emigration 48

Chapter 3: Novalis and Walt Whitman: German Romanticism and American Democracy 56
A Country without an Opera 56
Joseph in America 60
German Democratic Vistas 63
Emerson's Sponsors: Beethoven & Bettina 70

Chapter 4: German Culture Abroad: Victorious in Defeat 76
The Closing of the American Mind 76
The German Mind in Jeopardy 85
A Calm Good-Bye to Europe 88

Chapter 5: French-German Culture Wars 93
Two Revolutions 93
Goethe in Exile 98
"Culture Wars" and Their Origin 100
A Puzzle in the History of Sociology 105
A Mediator: Maurice Halbwachs 107
An Expulsion from Berlin 110
The Murder of Maurice Halbwachs 112
Strange Defeat 114
Intellectual Resistance 116
Limits of the German Revolution 122
Chapter 6: German Culture at Home: A Moral Failure Turned to Intellectual Advantage 128
The German Catastrophe 128
The Resurrection of Culture 134
Inner Emigration and Its Discontents 138
German and Jewish Diaspora 145

Chapter 7: The Survival of the Typical German: Faust versus Mephistopheles 154
Goethe in the Polls 154
Goethe after 1945 159

Chapter 8: German Reunification: The Failure of the Interpreting Class 165
Cultural Guardians 165
Intellectual Disaster in the East 167
Intellectual Tragicomedy 170

Chapter 9: Culture as Camouflage: The End of Central Europe 176
Europe: Dream and Bureaucracy 176
A Victory of Culture over Power 178
Chapter 10: Irony and Politics: Cultural Patriotism in Europe and the United States 186
An American Patriot from Europe 186
Hamlet and Fortinbras 190
European Pygmies and the American Giant 195
The Irony of American History 196

Chapter 11: Germany after Reunification: In Search of a Moral Masterpiece 200
Culture and Realpolitik 200
Solving Political Problems in the Field of Culture 203

Notes 211

Bibliography 237
Acknowledgments 249
Index 251

During the Allied bombing of Germany, Hitler was more distressed by the loss of cultural treasures than by the leveling of homes. Remarkably, his propagandists broadcast this fact, convinced that it would reveal not his callousness but his sensitivity: the destruction had failed to crush his artist's spirit. It is impossible to begin to make sense of this thinking without understanding what Wolf Lepenies calls The Seduction of Culture in German History.
This fascinating and unusual book tells the story of an arguably catastrophic German habit--that of valuing cultural achievement above all else and envisioning it as a noble substitute for politics. Lepenies examines how this tendency has affected German history from the late eighteenth century to today. He argues that the German preference for art over politics is essential to understanding the peculiar nature of Nazism, including its aesthetic appeal to many Germans (and others) and the fact that Hitler and many in his circle were failed artists and intellectuals who seem to have practiced their politics as a substitute form of art.
In a series of historical, intellectual, literary, and artistic vignettes told in an essayistic style full of compelling aphorisms, this wide-ranging book pays special attention to Goethe and Thomas Mann, and also contains brilliant discussions of such diverse figures as Novalis, Walt Whitman, Leo Strauss, and Allan Bloom. The Seduction of Culture in German History is concerned not only with Germany, but with how the German obsession with culture, sense of cultural superiority, and scorn of politics have affected its relations with other countries, France and the United States in particular.

Reviews:
"Lepenies's reflections on French-German and American-German culture wars suggest that cultural interpretation is as much a part of the social world as any social or political fact. . . . [H]is history of an idea . . . contains important political lessons for both Europe and the United States. The substitution of culture for politics is a dangerous road to travel."--Andreas Huyssen, The Nation
"At times German cultural pride has become so obsessive that it's distorted the development of society. In an audacious new book, The Seduction of Culture in German History, . . . Wolf Lepenies blames the catastrophes of 20th-century German politics on a tendency to overrate culture at the expense of politics."--Robert Fulford, National Post

"The Seduction of Culture in German History, by Wolf Lepenies, offers fresh insights into the causes of the Nazi lunacy. Erudite and richly detailed, it traces the pathology of nationalist and cultural fixations, with implications for our own nervous and jingoistic age."--Peter Rose, The Australian
"A highly thought-provoking . . . series of 'history of ideas' vignettes. Lepenies traces the evolution of the Kulturnation, a nation united by culture rather than by political institutions, from the 18th century, when it emerged in the absence of a central German reunification in 1990. . . . Lepenies concludes with a cautiously optimistic view of Germans' reconciliation of culture and politics. . . . Highly recommended."--Choice

"[Lepenies] gives a thorough treatment of the culture wars between France and Germany, Émile Durkheim and Max Weber, the role culture played behind the Iron Curtain, and how the intellectuals triumphed over the communists throughout much of Eastern Europe but not in the German Democratic Republic . . .. Lepenies excels . . . in his examination of German society and its embrace of culture while shunning politics."--Victorino Matus, First Things
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