2017年6月8日 星期四

The History of the Peloponnesian War; Thucydides’s trap (希臘文: Θουκυδίδης)




【绕不开的修昔底德陷阱,美中必有一战? 】
2015年9月,中国国家主席 #习近平 对美国进行国事访问期间,“修昔底德陷阱”(Thucydides Trap)一说的提出者——美国知名国际关系和外交政策学者、哈佛大学教授格雷厄姆·艾里森(Graham T. Allison)在《大西洋月刊》(The Atlantic)上发表了题为《修昔底德陷阱:美国和中国正在走向战争?》的文章,指出快速崛起的中国必将冲击美国主导的国际秩序。在这一过程中,新兴大国中国和守成大国美国极有可能爆发战争。艾里森在他刚刚出版的新书《注定一战:美国和中国能否逃脱修昔底德陷阱?》(Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap)详尽阐述了这一观点。他表示,如果美国不及时拿出全面应对方案,不做出重大战略调整,美中极有可能爆发灾难性的冲突,而冲突的导火索将极有可能是朝鲜。
全文链接: https://goo.gl/c9BvZe
2015年9月,中国国家主席习近平对美国进行国事访问期间,“修昔底德陷阱”(Thucydides Trap)一说的提出者——美国知名国际关系和外交政策学者、哈佛大学教授格雷厄姆·艾里森(Graham T. Allison)在《大西洋月刊》(The Atlantic)上发表了题为《修昔底德陷阱:美国和中国正在走向战争?》的文章
VOACHINESE.COM


2017.4
 Allison derived his interesting metaphor, the “Thucydides Trap,” from the fifth-century B.C. Peloponnesian War recounted by the ancient Greek historian Thucydides. The combatants were the ruling power Sparta, which the “trap” describes as corresponding to 21st-century United States, and the rising power Athens, corresponding to today’s China. Thucydides attributed the war to the “growth in power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Sparta,” spurring the latter to launch what became a 27-year war.



But the comparisons do not end there. The Thucydides Trap further stretches history and credulity by presuming equivalence with other distant wars. Allison’s examples date to the 16th-century war between the ruling power France and the rising power the Habsburgs, the 17th-century war between the Dutch Republic and England, and the 19th-century war between the ruling power France and the rising power Germany — among several others, reaching back centuries. But the equivalences with 21st-century United States and China — geostrategic challenges and opportunities, international order, deepening and irreversible globalization, myriad interdependences, robust trade, potentially existential nature of war today and preferred resort to diplomacy — don’t really hold up. Especially not to ancient Sparta and Athens.


-----2015.9.27


習近平在訪美演說中提到了"修昔底德陷阱"....那用功的C編, 就在此開課說明, 何謂"修昔底德陷阱" Thucydides’s trap (希臘文: Θουκυδίδης) : 即一個新崛起的大國必會挑戰當世大國,而當世的大國也必然會回應這種威脅; 如此的話, 戰爭就變得無可避免。

BBC中國事務編輯凱瑞從習訪美講話中提到修昔底德陷阱起,分析強權合作與對抗並存的大局。
BBC.COM

        • Image result for thucydides trap
      Professor Graham Allison of the Harvard Kennedy School has popularized the phrase “Thucydidestrap,” to explain the likelihood of conflict between a rising power and a currently dominant one.May 6, 2015

      The Real Thucydides' Trap | The Diplomat

      thediplomat.com/2015/05/the-real-thucydides-trap/
  1. Thucydides (disambiguation) - Wikipedia, the free ...

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thucydides_(disambiguation)

    Thucydides Trap, where a rising power causes fear in an established power which escalates toward war.

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    A risk associated with Thucydides's Trap is that business as usual—not just an unexpected, ...
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