2016年4月21日 星期四

John Toland 的書《佔領日本》(Occupation)等等



 我們探討日本,因為在過去50年,台灣和日本都是以製造業為主導的;我們談的這半世紀的「SQCTQC」等的學習,其實就是我們自己的故事。我們遭遇到共同的恩澤和困境,如何「轉危為安」開創新局才是我們的著眼處。

...第二次世界大戰後的日本即為絕佳的例子。廢止軍隊,天皇之象徵化,警察權力之弱化,財閥之解體,透過農地改革而使小地主成為自耕農,對工會的獎勵,政治參與的擴大以及驅逐曾經協助戰爭的政治人物、官僚、企業家、評論者等,均成為主要的改革...就此意義而言,國際關係是界定國家與社會關係的根本。」(豬口 孝《國家與社會》劉黎兒譯,台北:時報出版,1992,第85-6頁。)
要了解19451949的日本情景,美軍為日本立憲,使其成為自由(某村落老師的解釋是「自主」「行動」)民主,軍法審判、兒女深情、愛恨情仇,美國決定將日本發展成亞洲的「工場大本營」(這使得財閥企業和資本主義結合)等等重要的社會背景,可參考小說: John Toland 《佔領日本》(Occupation)北京:中國社會科學出版社,【19871997
關於這一時期日本宏觀的經濟發展的一些基本認識,參考:
中村隆英編的《日本經濟史7--"計畫化""民主化"》北京:三聯書店,1997
安場保吉等編《日本經濟史8---高速增長》北京:三聯書店,1997



John Willard Toland (June 29, 1912 – January 4, 2004)[1] was an American writer and historian. He is best known for a biography ofAdolf Hitler[2] and a Pulitzer Prize-winning history of World War II-era Japan, The Rising Sun.

Books[edit]






"He was learning how to appeal to the basic needs of the average German ... His 'basic values and aims' were as reassuring as they were acceptable. His listeners could not possibly know that the 'reasonable' words were a mask for one of the most radical programs in the history of mankind, a program that would alter the map of Europe and affect the lives, in one way or another, of most of the people on Earth."
John Toland, Adolf Hitler
Pulitzer Prize-winning historian John Toland’s classic, definitive biography of Adolf Hitler remains the most thorough, readable, accessible, and, as much as possible, objective account of the life of a man whose evil effect on the world in the twentieth century will always be felt.

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