2017年10月14日 星期六

Edgar Allen Poe : Selected Prose, Poetry, and Eureka/ Annabel Lee (1849)

“I have absolutely no pleasure in the stimulants in which I sometimes so madly indulge. It has not been in the pursuit of pleasure that I have periled life and reputation and reason. It has been the desperate attempt to escape from torturing memories, from a sense of insupportable loneliness and a dread of some strange impending doom.”
― Edgar Allan Poe
One of the most original American writers, Edgar Allen Poe shaped the development of both the detective story and the science-fiction story. Some of his poems—”The Raven,” “The Bells,” “Annabel Lee”—remain among the most popular in American literature. Poe’s tales of the macabre still thrill readers of all ages. Here are familiar favorites like “The Purloined Letter,” “The Fall of the House of Usher,” and “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” together with less-known masterpieces like “The Imp of the Perverse,” “The Narrative of A. Gordon Pym,” and “Ligeia,” which is now recognized as one of the first science-fiction stories, a total of seventy-three tales in all, plus fifty-three poems and a generous sampling of Poe’s essays, criticism and journalistic writings.

“By the time Edgar Allan Poe wrote “Eureka: A Prose Poem,” the last major work he published before his premature death in 1849, his attitude toward certain men of science had softened.”

Since adolescence, Edgar Allan Poe had been picking fights with science....

The New York Review of Books

Marilynne Robinson on Edgar Allan Poe

On Edgar Allan Poe by Marilynne Robinson
Edgar Allan Poe was and is a turbulence, an anomaly among the major American writers of his period, an anomaly to this day. He both amazed and antagonized his contemporaries, who could not dismiss him from the first...

British Museum 新增了 2 new photos

Edgar Allan Poe was born ‪#‎onthisday‬ in 1809. These are illustrations to his poems: ‘The Raven’ by Édouard Manet and ‘The Sleeper’ by Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Annabel Lee

By Edgar Allan Poe

Annabel Lee (1849)

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Annabel Lee

Main article: Annabel Lee

The last complete poem written by Poe, it was published shortly after his death in 1849. The speaker of the poem talks about a lost love, Annabel Lee, and may have been based on Poe's own relationship with his wife Virginia, though that is disputed.

Edgar Allan Poe died in Baltimore, Maryland, on this day in 1849 (aged 40).
"Annabel Lee"
It was many and many a year ago, 
In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
By the name of Annabel Lee;
And this maiden she lived with no other thought
Than to love and be loved by me.
I was a child and she was a child,
In this kingdom by the sea,
But we loved with a love that was more than love—
I and my Annabel Lee—
With a love that the wingèd seraphs of Heaven
Coveted her and me.
And this was the reason that, long ago,
In this kingdom by the sea,
A wind blew out of a cloud, chilling
My beautiful Annabel Lee;
So that her highborn kinsmen came
And bore her away from me,
To shut her up in a sepulchre
In this kingdom by the sea.
The angels, not half so happy in Heaven,
Went envying her and me—
Yes!—that was the reason (as all men know,
In this kingdom by the sea)
That the wind came out of the cloud by night,
Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee.
But our love it was stronger by far than the love
Of those who were older than we—
Of many far wiser than we—
And neither the angels in Heaven above
Nor the demons down under the sea
Can ever dissever my soul from the soul
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
For the moon never beams, without bringing me dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise, but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling—my darling—my life and my bride,
In her sepulchre there by the sea—
In her tomb by the sounding sea.
A compact selection of Poe’s greatest stories and poems, chosen by the National Endowment for the Arts for their Big Read program. This selection of eleven stories and seven poems contains such famously chilling masterpieces of the storyteller’s art as “The Tell-tale Heart,” “The Fall of the House of Usher,” “The Cask of Amontillado,” and “The Pit and the Pendulum,” and such unforgettable poems as “The Raven,” “The Bells,” and “Annabel Lee.” Poe is widely credited with pioneering the detective story, represented here by “The Purloined Letter,” “The Mystery of Marie Roget,” and “The Murders in the Rue Morgue.” Also included is his essay “The Philosophy of Composition,” in which he lays out his theory of how good writers write, describing how he constructed “The Raven” as an example.

優美的安娜貝爾.李 寒徹顫慄早逝去
出版社:北京:人民文學: 2009 聯經出版公司 :2009年

書名脫胎自美國詩人艾倫坡著名詩作〈安娜貝爾.李〉,講述二戰後為美國人所收養的日本國際級女演員櫻闖蕩國際影壇多年後,回國參與記念德國作家亨利希. 封.克萊斯特跨國性電影拍攝計畫。主催此計畫的電影製片人木守,找來從大學時代就認識的社會運動伙伴小說家大江擔綱電影的劇本家,他嘗試將原作的抗暴情節 與日本農民的反壓迫的起義事件連結,而以女演員櫻為中心的拍攝,女英雄的形象也取代原著以男性為故事主角的設定;小說家大江的母親,在戰後不惜冒黑市交易 風險、也要維持地方劇團演出的「說故事者」使命,則分在演員櫻、小說家大江以及承襲母親故事採集者、長期在四國推行女權運動的小說家的妹妹身上顯現;但這 個拍攝計畫卻因一個涉及櫻的殘忍祕密而宣告終止。


Roland Barthes《巴爾特自述‧片斷‧真理與穩定性》北京:中國人民大學,2008,頁73
坡說過 (Eureka) :「真理存在於穩定性之中。」因此,不能承受穩定性的人﹑,便把真理之倫理學置之身外。一旦語詞、命題、觀念採取和過渡到固定狀態、俗套狀態 (俗套意味著固定),他就把它們放棄。
It is, perhaps, in no little degree, however, our propensity for the continuous -- for the analogical -- in the present case more particularly for the symmetrical which has been leading us astray. And, in fact, the sense of the symmetrical is an instinct which may be depended upon with an almost blindfold reliance. It is the poetical essence of the Universe -- OF0,0 which, in the supremeness of its symmetry, is but the most sublime of poems. Now symmetry and consistency are convertible terms: -- thus Poetry and Truth are one. A thing is consistent in the ratio of its truth -- true in the ratio of its consistency. A Perfect consistency, I repeat, can be nothing but a absolute truth. We may take it for granted, then, that Man cannot long or widely err, if he suffer himself to be guided by his poetical, which I have maintained to be his truthful, in being his symmetrical, instinct. He must have a care, however, lest, in pursuing too heedlessly the superficial symmetry of forms and motions, he leave out of sight the really essential symmetry of the principles which determine and control them.
Poe 的這篇散文詩的前言令人震撼…….
Eureka - A Prose Poem
By: Edgar Allan Poe
To the few who love me and whom I love -- to those who feel rather than to those who think -- to the dreamers and those who put faith in dreams as in the only realities -- I offer this Book of Truths, not in its character of Truth-Teller, but for the Beauty that abounds in its Truth; constituting it true. To these I present the composition as an Art-Product alone:- let us say as a Romance; or, if I be not urging too lofty a claim, as a Poem.
What I here propound is true:- * therefore it cannot die:- or if by any means it be now trodden down so that it die, it will "rise again to the Life Everlasting."
Nevertheless it is as a Poem only that I wish this work to be judged after I am dead.
E. A. P.

Edgar Allen Poe : Selected Prose, Poetry, and Eureka
這本書 書林翻印過

Auden 的 Introduction

Poor Poe! At first so forgotten that his grave went without a tomb-stone twenty-six years ... today in danger of becoming the life study of a few professors.

(W.H. (Wystan Hugh) Auden (1907-1973), Anglo-American poet. repr. In The Recognition of Edgar Allen Poe, ed. E.W. Carlson (1970). Edgar Allan Poe, introduction (1950).)

“EDGAR ALLAN POE died in Baltimore on Sunday last.”

From the Richmond Semi-Weekly Examiner, vol. II, no. 98, October 12, 1849: