2017年8月3日 星期四

Fyodor Dostoevsky杜斯妥也夫斯基:《罪與罰》;The Brothers Karamazov (1880);《地下室手記》 Notes from Underground (Norton Critical Editions) by Fyodor Dostoevsk, Michael R. Katz (Editor)

The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoevsky
The Brothers Karamazov
This is possibly the hardest to place of Murakami’s choices. The second book to break away from his American obsession, at first glance it is hard to see how, if at all, it influenced his style. There is a multitude of characters in Dostoevsky’s novel with the bulk of the book relating to the four brothers and their own families. It is a deeply personal and philosophical book and this, perhaps, is where the connection lies. There is a great deal of thought in this novel – the moral kind, the spiritual kind, the desires of man, the responsibilities and ethics of man – and all of these themes feature throughout Murakami’s novels in little bite-sized pieces. 

Fyodor Dostoevsky
“I love humanity, but I wonder at myself, because the more I love humanity in general, the less I love man in particular."
--from "The Brothers Karamazov" (1879–1880)
The Brothers Karamazov, Dostoevsky’s last novel, published just before his death in 1881, chronicles the bitter love-hate struggle between the outsized Fyodor Karamazov and his three very different sons. It is above all the story of a murder, told with hair-raising intellectual clarity and a feeling for the human condition unsurpassed in world literature. Dostoevsky’s towering reputation as one of the handful of thinkers who forged the modern sensibility has sometimes obscured the purely novelistic virtues–brilliant characterizations, flair for suspense and melodrama, instinctive theatricality–that made his work so immensely popular in nineteenth-century Russia. READ an excerpt here: http://knopfdoubleday.com/bo…/241840/the-brothers-karamazov/

“Above all, don't lie to yourself. The man who lies to himself and listens to his own lie comes to a point that he cannot distinguish the truth within him, or around him, and so loses all respect for himself and for others. And having no respect he ceases to love.” 
―from THE BROTHERS KARAMAZOV by Fyodor Dostoevsky

Today is the 195th anniversary of the birth of Fyodor Dostoevsky.
"But it has always happened that the more I detest men individually the more ardent becomes my love for humanity."

“In the end they will lay their freedom at our feet and say to us, Make us your slaves, but feed us.”

― from "The Grand Inquisitor" in The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoevsky

初2 (1966)買讀過《罪與罰》、大一讀狄濟之?翻譯的The Brothers Karamazov....後來這些書都找不到.....

"Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most."

Everyman's Library

The first part of Fyodor Dostoevsky's CRIME AND PUNISHMENT appeared in the January 1866 issue of "The Russian Messenger." It was published in twelve monthly installments (the last in December 1866), and later published as a novel.

"All is in a man's hands and he lets it all slip from cowardice, that's an axiom. It would be interesting to know what it is men are most afraid of. Taking a new step, uttering a new word is what they fear most."

--from Crime and Punishment

Raskolnikov, an impoverished student living in the St. Petersburg of the tsars, is determined to overreach his humanity and assert his untrammeled individual will. When he commits an act of murder and theft, he sets into motion a story that, for its excruciating suspense, its atmospheric vividness, and its depth of characterization and vision is almost unequaled in the literatures of the world. The best known of Dostoevsky’s masterpieces, Crime and Punishment can bear any amount of rereading without losing a drop of its power over our imaginations. Dostoevsky’s drama of sin, guilt, and redemption transforms the sordid story of an old woman’s murder into the nineteenth century’s profoundest and most compelling philosophical novel. Award-winning translators Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky render this elusive and wildly innovative novel with an energy, suppleness, and range of voice that do full justice to the genius of its creator. Pevear & Volokhonsky Translation. READ an excerpt here: http://knopfdoubleday.com/…/crime-and-punish…/9780679420293/

讀書共和國新增了 4 張相片。




「哥哥,哥哥,你說什麼啊! 要知道你殺了人?」


你只要較為用心地觀察一下,就能看清楚! 我想為大眾造福,往後做成百成千件好事來彌補這樣一樁傻事,這甚至不是傻事,而只是一種笨拙的行為,因為這個主意根本不是像現在失敗了的時候看起來那麼傻……」


關注窮人的卑微處境,對被傷害與侮辱的小人物滿懷憐憫之情的俄羅斯作家杜斯妥也夫斯基(Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский, 1821-1881),本身也出生於貧困家庭,25歲時以處女作《窮人》出道,在雜誌《當代人》上連載並廣受好評。





Notes from Underground (Second Edition) (Norton Critical Editions) Paperback

by Fyodor Dostoevsky (Author), Michael R. Katz (Editor)

The text for this edition of Notes from Underground is Michael Katz’s acclaimed translation of the 1863 novel, which is introduced and annotated specifically for English-speaking readers.

"Backgrounds and Sources" includes relevant writings by Dostoevsky, among them "Winter Notes on Summer Impressions," the author’s account of a formative trip to the West.

New to the Second Edition are excerpts from V. F. Odoevksy’s "Russian Nights" and I. S. Turgenev’s "Hamlet of Shchigrovsk District." In "Responses", Michael Katz links this seminal novel to the theme of the underground man in six famous works, two of them new to the Second Edition: an excerpt from M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin’s The Swallows, Woody Allen’s Notes from the Overfed, Robert Walser’s The Child, an excerpt from Ralph Ellison’s The Invisible Man, an excerpt from Yevgeny Zamyatin’s We, and an excerpt from Jean-Paul Sartre’s Erostratus.

"Criticism" brings together eleven interpretations by both Russian and Western critics from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, two of them new to the Second Edition. Included are essays by Nikolai K. Mikhailovsky, Vasily Rozanov, Lev Shestov, M. M. Bakhtin, Ralph E. Matlaw, Victor Erlich, Robert Louis Jackson, Gary Saul Morson, Richard H. Weisberg, Joseph Frank, and Tzvetan Todorov.

A Chronology and Selected Bibliography are also included.

About the author (2001)

One of the most powerful and significant authors in all modern fiction, Fyodor Dostoevsky was the son of a harsh and domineering army surgeon who was murdered by his own serfs (slaves), an event that was extremely important in shaping Dostoevsky's view of social and economic issues. He studied to be an engineer and began work as a draftsman. However, his first novel, Poor Folk (1846), was so well received that he abandoned engineering for writing. In 1849, Dostoevsky was arrested for being a part of a revolutionary group that owned an illegal printing press. He was sentenced to be executed, but the sentence was changed at the last minute, and he was sent to a prison camp in Siberia instead. By the time he was released in 1854, he had become a devout believer in both Christianity and Russia - although not in its ruler, the Czar. During the 1860's, Dostoevsky's personal life was in constant turmoil as the result of financial problems, a gambling addiction, and the deaths of his wife and brother. His second marriage in 1887 provided him with a stable home life and personal contentment, and during the years that followed he produced his great novels: Crime and Punishment (1886), the story of Rodya Raskolnikov, who kills two old women in the belief that he is beyond the bounds of good and evil; The Idiots (1868), the story of an epileptic who tragically affects the lives of those around him; The Possessed (1872), the story of the effect of revolutionary thought on the members of one Russian community; A Raw Youth (1875), which focuses on the disintegration and decay of family relationships and life; and The Brothers Karamazov (1880), which centers on the murder of Fyodor Karamazov and the effect the murder has on each of his four sons. These works have placed Dostoevsky in the front rank of the world's great novelists. Dostoevsky was an innovator, bringing new depth and meaning to the psychological novel and combining realism and philosophical speculation in his complex studies of the human condition.

Michael R. Katz , is C. V. Starr Professor of Russian and East European Studies at Middlebury College. He is the author of The Literary Ballad in Early Nineteenth-Century Russian Literature and Dreams and the Unconscious in Nineteenth-Century Russian Fiction . He has translated and edited the Norton Critical Editions of Fyodor Dostoevskyrsquo;s Notes from Underground and Ivan Turgenevrsquo;s Fathers and Children . He has also translated Alexander Herzenrsquo;s Who Is to Blame? , N. G. Chernyshevskyrsquo;s What Is to Be Done? , Dostoevskyrsquo;s Devils , Druzhininrsquo;s Polinka Saks , Artsybashevrsquo;s Sanin , and Jabotinskyrsquo;s The Five .

舊書某生奮鬥過 查了2 頁單字

Notes From Underground by Fyodor Dostoevsky
A Norton Critical Edition,1989

Backgrounds and Sources
A Chronology of Dostoevsky's Life and Work
Selected Bibiography


Nowhere Man Lyrics
Artist(Band):The Beatles

He's a real nowhere man,
Sitting in his Nowhere Land,
Making all his nowhere plans
for nobody.

Doesn't have a point of view,
Knows not where he's going to,
Isn't he a bit like you and me?

Nowhere Man please listen,
You don't know what you're missing,
Nowhere Man,the world is at your command!

(lead guitar)

He's as blind as he can be,
Just sees what he wants to see,
Nowhere Man can you see me at all?

Nowhere Man, don't worry,
Take your time, don't hurry,
Leave it all till somebody else
lends you a hand!

Doesn't have a point of view,
Knows not where he's going to,
Isn't he a bit like you and me?

Nowhere Man please listen,
you don't know what you're missing
Nowhere Man, the world is at your command!

He's a real Nowhere Man,
Sitting in his Nowhere Land,
Making all his nowhere plans
for nobody.
Making all his nowhere plans
for nobody.
Making all his nowhere plans
for nobody!


Notes from Underground: An Authoritative Translation, Backgrounds and Sources, Responses, Criticism

Norton Critical Editions


Fyodor M. Dostoevsky

Michael R. Katz


2, illustrated, annotated


W W Norton & Company Incorporated, 2001


0393976122, 9780393976120


258 pages



文/櫻桃園文化總編輯 丘光


櫻桃園文化 出版第四本俄國經典文學新譯,這次輪到了杜斯妥也夫斯基的《地下室手記》,從前次萊蒙托夫的《當代英雄》跳過了果戈里到這本,簡單的理由是這兩部作品有著 極為相似的脈絡,都試圖要描繪出一個負面形象的時代之子,藉此映出社會樣貌,而且針砭時代病症,也可以說,都是給社會一面鏡子,同時給自己辯證一條自由生 活之路。今年恰逢本作出版150週年,新譯本期待以現代閱讀的觀點來向大師致敬。

對台灣讀者 而言,杜斯妥也夫斯基似乎很深沉,但我們想像的往往比我們認知的還要多、還要複雜,如果實際翻閱杜斯妥也夫斯基的作品,會發現他一生大概只寫一件事情,那 就是研究人的心裡在想什麼,以及藉由這些想法人怎麼過生活,這是永恆的問題,也是他之所以到現今仍讓我們感興趣讀的最主要理由(因為我們許多人到現在還一 直不了解週遭人在想什麼不是嗎?)。當然,小說中難免遇到困惑不解,這正是我們喜歡杜斯妥也夫斯基的原因,他試著看透時代、提出疑問,他向我們展示的人心 並非一清二楚的科學觀察結果,而是要讓我們去思索不清不楚的部分,讓我們自己在內心思索後與文本對話,這裡面有無比的現代性,使我們每次重讀都會得到更多 東西,因為我們學會去獨立思考,學會去感受自己真正要的是什麼,而非大家(或說自然規律)給我們什麼就照單全收──在「開創新局」這個層面上,他可以說是 一個心靈的革命家。


杜斯妥也夫 斯基不僅在創作生涯極具戲劇性,在生活上也萬分精彩。他雙親早逝,青春期被丟到軍校生活,年輕時即發現罹患癲癇症,文壇成名後在文化沙龍中交際的挫折與初 戀(其實是單戀)的失敗,與屠格涅夫一生始終維持著亦敵亦友的交情,被逮捕入獄成為政治犯,近十年的西伯利亞流放,包括苦役中與極惡罪犯共同生活的經歷, 兩段婚姻與一段婚外情,沉迷賭博近十年……種種這些「真實生活」大多反應在他的小說創作裡,如果我們進一步認識作家的生活,那麼對作品中的細節或許會有更 多共鳴。

小說文本的 詮釋上,新譯本除了將譯注增加至八十餘則,其中有許多是本版獨有的,也邀請台大外文系助理教授熊宗慧專文導讀杜斯妥也夫斯基創作的現代精神,期待閱讀時能 更全面地走進杜斯妥也夫斯基的作品世界觀中。另外,還試著重現作家的生活與創作的關聯,在書末編寫了全新的圖文作家年表,挑選杜斯妥也夫斯基一生各時期的 重要圖片,文字中收有關鍵的書信片段,輔助我們理解作家當時的生活風貌與思想心境的串連。




一位杜斯妥 也夫斯基的崇拜者、作家羅贊諾夫(他甚至娶了杜斯妥也夫斯基的前女友蘇斯洛娃)這麼說:《地下室手記》與《罪與罰》一樣,都是杜斯妥也夫斯基的巨著,在前 者中你看得到思想,後者則是藝術。沒有讀過《地下室手記》,就不可能理解《罪與罰》,而沒有讀過這兩本,則無法讀懂《群魔》和《卡拉馬助夫兄弟》。

《手記》看 似個人的懺悔錄,實則是整個時代的雜症診斷,作家虛構出「地下室人」這麼一個封閉自我的人物,藉他的形象點出時代的問題(也包括作家自身的毛病),我們看 看這個角色集合了什麼樣的時代性格:自認比任何人聰明,但又矛盾於自貶與自傲中,以個人對抗全體,卻不敢正眼看他人,疏離了真實生活,跛行於生活,自滿於 講漂亮話,用幻想緩和現實的挫折與傷痛,生活上的一切不順都可避往美與崇高之中──再看看我們現在的生活週遭,有種多麼奇妙的似曾相似!






《地下室手記:杜斯妥也夫斯基經典小說新譯》新書介紹 http://vs-press.blogspot.tw/2014/04/CL004.html
關於《地下室手記》的評價 http://vs-press.blogspot.tw/2014/05/CL004-review.html
《地下室手記》作家年表裡的小故事 http://vs-press.blogspot.tw/2014/05/CL004-chronicle.html
地下室人的現代精神 http://vs-press.blogspot.tw/2014/05/CL004-introduction.html

"Our prison stood at the edge of the fortress, right by the fortress rampart. You could look at God’s world through the chinks in the fence: wouldn’t you see at least something?"

--from NOTES FROM A DEAD HOUSE (1862) by Fyodor Dostoevsky

In 1849, Dostoevsky was sentenced to four years at hard labor in a Siberian prison camp for participating in a socialist discussion group. The novel he wrote after his release, based on notes he smuggled out, not only brought him fame, but also founded the tradition of Russian prison writing. Notes from a Dead House (sometimes translated as The House of the Dead) depicts brutal punishments, feuds, betrayals, and the psychological effects of confinement, but it also reveals the moments of comedy and acts of kindness that Dostoevsky witnessed among his fellow prisoners. To get past government censors, Dostoevsky made his narrator a common-law criminal rather than a political prisoner, but the perspective is unmistakably his own. His incarceration was a transformative experience that nourished all his later works, particularly Crime and Punishment. Dostoevsky’s narrator discovers that even among the most debased criminals there are strong and beautiful souls. His story is, finally, a profound meditation on freedom: “The prisoner himself knows that he is a prisoner; but no brands, no fetters will make him forget that he is a human being.” READ an excerpt here: http://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/…/notes-from-a-dead-hous…/

杜斯妥也夫斯基 by N.A. Berdyaev 孟祥森譯 台北:時報 1986

杜斯妥也夫斯基的一生. 外語原名, ドストエフスキイの生活. 原作者, 小林秀雄. 作品國別, 日本. 原出版日期, 2003. 原出版社, 萬象文庫 1993杜斯妥也夫斯基小說論. 原作者, 小林秀雄. 作品國別, 日本. 原出版日期, 2003. 原出版社, 同上

杜思妥也夫斯基 杜斯妥也夫斯基/ 紀德演講 國立編譯館