Leo Tolstoy's 186th birthday: Here's War and Peace in 186 words
Well, for those who don't quite have time to get through all 561,093 words (Oxford World's Classics edition) of it,The Independent has produced its own marvellously abridged version.
So, on the 186th anniversary of Tolstoy's birth, here it is; in 186 words.
Petersburg, 1805: glitzy party at Anna Scherer’s. Napoleon is on the march. Kuragins? Flashy, dodgy crowd, especially minx Helene. Rostovs? Nice, penniless Moscow clan, with headstrong son, Nikolai.
Gauche, thoughtful Pierre Bezukhov: a count’s bastard, super-rich (when dad dies) but adrift. Unhappily wed Andrey Bolkonsky’s the real warrior toff, but those dark nights of the soul! Pierre marries flighty Helene.
Catastrophe! Rows, affair, duel, break-up (and Helene’s bad end) guaranteed. Andrey, Nikolai confront Napoleon at Austerlitz: Russian debacle. Widowed, Andrey falls for blooming Natasha, who’s ensnared by married cad Anatol Kuragin.
Do-gooding Pierre tries to save the world: fails.
1812: here’s fateful Napoleon again, making history (but what is history?), invading Russia. Bloody slaughter at Borodino; Russia resists. Andrey’s injured, Pierre a fugitive, then PoW. Rostovs flee as Moscow fall.
Amid the misery, Natasha grows up fast; Pierre too, helped by saintly peasant. Nikolai rescues Maria, the dying Andrey’s sister. Napoleon retreats. Hurrah!
Liberated, Pierre bonds with Natasha; Nikolai and Maria spliced. Poor cousin Sonya, Nikolai’s long-suffering intended! Two new families: happily ever after?
Almost but what does it all (time, history, freedom, destiny) really mean?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Art is a human activity having for its purpose the transmission to others of the highest and best feelings to which men have risen."
--from "What is Art?" (1896) by Leo Tolstoy
During the decades of his world fame as sage & preacher as well as author of War & Peace & Anna Karenin, Tolstoy wrote prolifically in a series of essays & polemics on issues of morality, social justice & religion. These culminated in What is Art?, published in 1898. Altho Tolstoy perceived the question of art to be a religious one, he considered & rejected the idea that art reveals & reinvents thru beauty. The works of Dante, Michelangelo, Shakespeare, Beethoven, Baudelaire & even his own novels are condemned in the course of Tolstoy's impassioned & iconoclastic redefinition of art as a force for good, for the improvement of humankind.
此譯本可能有不少小錯譬如說 p.28/95 Schiller 雪萊/席勒
The task for Christian art is to establish brotherly union among men.
What Is Art
TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL MS., WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY AYLMER MAUDE
Aylmer Maude - 2004 - Biography & Autobiographyand to-day we are told by many that art has nothing to do with morality — that art should ... I went one day, with a lady artist, to the Bodkin Art Gallery, in Moscow.
本卷包括根據英國倍因（Robert Nisbet Bain，通譯貝恩）的英譯本Russian Fairy Tales（一八九二年）選譯的《俄羅斯民間故事》，根據培因（即倍因）的英譯本Cossack Fairy Tales and Folk-Tales（一八九四年）選譯的《烏克蘭民間故事》，根據英國韋格耳（Arthur Edward Pearse Brome Weigall，通譯韋戈爾）所著傳記Sappho of Lesbos: Her Life and Times （一九三二年）編譯的《希臘女詩人薩波》，英國勞斯（William Henry Denham Rouse）著神話故事《希臘的神與英雄》（Gods, Heroes and Men of Ancient Greece，一九三四年），以及“其他英文和世界語譯作”。