2014年12月12日 星期五

訓道篇 Ecclesiastes 共 1/9 章

Ecclesiastes 9 King James Version (KJV)

For all this I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, are in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred by all that is before them.
All things come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath.
This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead.
For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion.
For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.
Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the sun.
Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works.
Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment.
Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity: for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour which thou takest under the sun.
10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
11 I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.
12 For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.
13 This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great unto me:
14 There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it:
15 Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.
16 Then said I, Wisdom is better than strength: nevertheless the poor man's wisdom is despised, and his words are not heard.
17 The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools.
18 Wisdom is better than weapons of war: but one sinner destroyeth much good.


  1. 我留心考察這一切,終於看出:義人、智者和他們的行為,都在天主手裏;是愛是恨,人不知道;二者都能來到他們身上。
  2. 無論是義人,是惡人,是好人,是壞人,是潔淨的人,是不潔淨的人,是獻祭的人,是不獻祭的人,都有同樣的命運;好人與罪人一樣,妄發誓的與怕發誓的也一樣。
  3. 太陽之下所發生的一切事中,最不幸的是眾人都有同樣的命運;更有甚者,世人的心都充滿邪惡,有生之日,心懷狂妄,以後與死者相聚。
  4. 的確,誰尚與活人有聯繫,還懷有希望,因為一隻活狗勝過一隻死獅。
  5. 活著的人至少自知必死,而死了的人卻一無所知;他們再得不到報酬,因為連他們的記念也被人遺忘了。
  6. 他們的愛好,他們的憎恨,他們的熱誠,皆已消失;在太陽下所發生的一切事,永遠再沒有他們的分。
  7. 及時行樂
  8. 你倒不如去快樂地吃你的飯,開懷暢飲你的酒,因為天主早已嘉納你所作的工作。
  9. 你的衣服常要潔白,你頭上不要缺少香液。
  10. 在天主賜你在太陽下的一生虛幻歲月中,同你的愛妻共享人生之樂:這原是你在太陽下,一生從勞苦中所應得的一分。
  11. 你手能做什麼,就努力去做,因為在你所要去的陰府內,沒有工作,沒有計劃,沒有學問,沒有智慧。
  12. 命運不濟
  13. 我又在太陽下看見:善跑的不得競賽,勇將不得參戰,智者得不到食物,明白人得不到財富,博學者得不到寵幸,因為他們都遭遇了不幸的時運。
  14. 因為人不知道自己的時期,當凶險猝然而至的時候,人子為不幸的時運所獲,就像魚被網捕住,又像鳥被圈套套住。
  15. 在太陽下我又得了一個智慧的經驗,依我看來,大有意義:
  16. 有座小城,裏面居民不多;有位大王來攻打此城,把城圍住,周圍築了高壘。
  17. 那時,城中有個貧賤卻具有智慧的人,他用自己的智慧,救了本城:可是人們卻忘了這貧賤的人。
  18. 於是我說:智慧遠勝過武力;然而貧賤人的智慧卻被人輕忽,他的話卻沒有人聽。
  19. 智者溫和的言語,比王者在愚人中的吶喊,更受歡迎。
  20. 智慧勝於武器;一個錯誤能破壞許多好事

Ecclesiastes 1:4-18King James Version (KJV)

One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever.
The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose.
The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits.
All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.
All things are full of labour; man cannot utter it: the eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.
The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun.
10 Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? it hath been already of old time, which was before us.
11 There is no remembrance of former things; neither shall there be any remembrance of things that are to come with those that shall come after.
12 I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.
13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith.
14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
15 That which is crooked cannot be made straight: and that which is wanting cannot be numbered.
16 I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all they that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom and knowledge.
17 And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
18 For in much wisdom is much grief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow.


  1. 達味之子耶路撒冷的君王「訓道者」的語錄:
  2. 萬事皆虛
  3. 虛而又虛,訓道者說:虛而又虛,萬事皆虛。
  4. 人在太陽下辛勤勞作,為人究有何益﹖
  5. 一代過去,一代又來,大地仍然常在。
  6. 太陽升起,太陽落下,匆匆趕回原處,從新再升。
  7. 風吹向南,又轉向北,旋轉不息,循環周行。
  8. 江河流入大海,大海總不滿溢;江河仍向所往之處,川流不息。
  9. 萬事皆辛勞,無人能盡言:眼看,看不夠;耳聽,聽不飽。
  10. 往昔所有的,將來會再有;昔日所行的,將來會再行;太陽之下決無新事。
  11. 若有人指著某事說:「看,這是新事。」豈不知在我們以前早就有過。
  12. 只是對往者,沒有人去追憶;同樣,對來者,也不會為後輩所記念。
  13. 智慧空虛
  14. 我訓道者,曾在耶路撒冷作過以色列的君王。
  15. 我曾專心用智慧考察研究過天下所發生的一切;──這實在是天主賜與人類的一項艱辛的工作。
  16. 我觀察了在太陽下所發生的一切:看,都是空虛,都是追風。
  17. 彎曲的,不能使之正直,虧缺的,實在不可勝數。
  18. 我心裏自語說:「看,我獲得了又大又多的智慧,勝過了所有在我以前住在耶路撒冷的人,我的心獲得了許多智慧和學問。」
  19. 我再專心研究智慧和學問,愚昧和狂妄,我纔發覺:連這項工作也是追風。
  20. 因為,智慧愈多,煩惱愈多;學問越廣,憂慮越深。