2016年4月22日 星期五

《康德歷史哲學論文集》/《康德書信百封》Correspondence /《論永久和平》Albert Schweitzer – Nobel Lecture

 康德的《純理性批判》還沒拜讀。不過,Jean Piaget 根據它的科學研究都拜讀過。

康德《實用人類學》充滿智慧。

Immanuel Kant was born on April 22nd 1724. No philosopher since Aristotle has exercised such influence
Philosopher Immanuel Kant was born on this day in 1724
ECON.ST




比較1972.2.24 一封短信.中文有幾處重要的錯誤......


.......清楚地認識到自己的能力以及運用這種能力的界限將會使人們在一切良好的有用的東西面前變得確信勇敢而堅定相反不斷地用甜美的希望欺騙人們用不斷更新的但卻時常失敗的嘗試把人們羈絆在超出自己的力量的事物之中將會導致輕視理性進而導致懶惰或者狂熱幻想。---李秋零編譯康德書信百封致約翰貝林 (1786.4.7)上海人民出版社1992103-104


康 德書信是康德哲學思想體系的一個重要組成部分。它們不僅包含了康德對自己思想體系的許多重要的說明和解釋,形成了康德哲學著作的一個重要補充,而且以動態 的方式再現了康德哲學思想形成的過程。同時,它們也是康德生活與事業的忠實見證人。如何使這有限的百封書信成功地體現康德的思想和生平,是一項要求頗高的 任務。在編選方面,編譯者所遵循的原則就是:一方面要盡可能挑穩定對研究康德思想和生平最有價值的書信,另一方面也要照顧到康德生平各個時期的連續性,避 免出現空白現象,為此,在體例上採取了編年史的方法,即按年代先後排列。

迄今,已發現的康得書信大約有300多封。這本《康得書信百封》主要是從科學院版《康得全集》第10-13卷,即第二部分選出,並根據該版本翻譯的。除此之外,編譯過程中還參考了J.蔡貝編選 的《康得書信集》的第1封、第50封選出;K.福蘭德編《康得其人及其事業》;R.艾斯勒《康得辭典》;阿爾林古留加《康得傳》,中譯本。


Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, May 26, 1999 - Biography & Autobiography - 639 pages
This is the most complete English edition of Kant's correspondence that has ever been compiled. The letters are concerned with 
This is the most complete English edition of Kant's correspondence that has ever been compiled. The letters are concerned with philosophical and scientific topics but many also treat personal, historical, and cultural matters. On one level the letters chart Kant's philosophical development. On another level they expose quirks and foibles, and reveal a good deal about Kant's friendships and philosophical battles with some of the prominent thinkers of the time: Herder, Hamann, Mendelssohn, and Fichte.
可以讀近7成的英文版書信
 http://books.google.com.tw/books/about/Correspondence.html?id=uk4My4IN-PAC&redir_esc=y

 所選與中文《康德書信百封》雷同的將以紅色標示:

Contents

To Moses Mendelssobn February 7 1766 38
88

1768
94

To Simon Gabriel Suckow December 25 1769 47
102

Letters 17701780
108

FromJobann Heinrich Lambert October 13 1770 61
115

From Jobann Georg Sulzer December 8 177061
121

From Marcus Herz July 9 1771 68
129

1773
139

From Jobann Caspar Lavater April 8 1774 90 249
149

1776
156

1777
162

To Marcus Herz August 18 1778 240 268
168

To Marcus Herz February 4 1779 246
174

To Marcus Herz after May n 1781 266
180

ToJobann Bernoulli November 26 1781 272
186

To Christian Garve August 7 1783 205
195

To Moses Mendelssobn August 26 1783 206
201

From Jobann Scbultz August 2 r 1783 208
208

ToJobann Scbultz Fehruary 17 1784 221
215

To Theodor Gotrlieb von Hippel July 9 1784 132
221

To Christian Gottfried Schiitz September 13 1785 243
228

1786
240

ToJobann Bering April 7 1786 266
249

From Jobann Erich Biester June n 1786 275
256

To Christian Gotrfried Schiitz June 25 1787 300
262

FromJobann Cristoph Berens December 5 1787 320
268

1788
274

From Meyer September 5 1788 333 181
281

1789
287

From Salomon Maimon April 7 1789 351
293

To Carl Leonhard Reinhold May 19 1789 360
311

To Friedrich Heinrich Jacohi August 30 1789 375
318

FromJobann Gottfried Carl Christian Kiesewetter
326

1790
335

To Francois de la Garde March 25 1790 424
341

From Ludwig Heinrich Jakob May 4 1790 426
347

no From Salomon Maimon May 25 1790 430
351

in ToJobann Friedrich Blumenhach August 5 1790 438
354

To Abrabam Gotthelf Kastner August 5 ? 1790 439
355

To August Wilhehn Rebberg before September 25 1790
357

From Ahrabam Gotthelf Kastner October 2 1790 451
359

FromJobann Benjamin Jachmann October 24 1790 451
361

ToJobann Friedrich Reichardt October 25 1790 453
371

To Christoph Friedrich Hellwag January 3 1792 461
372

To Jobann Friedrich Gensichen April 19 1792 466
375

FromJobann Gottfried Carl Christian KiesewetterJune
378

From Maria von Herhert August 1792 478
379

From Ludwig Ernst Borowski August ? 1792 479
380

FromJobann Gottlieb Fichte August 18 1792 481
381

FromJobann Gottlieb Fichte September 2 1792 483
382

To Ludwig Ernst Borowski September 26 1792 485
386

From Salomon Maimon September 20 1792 486
387

To Karl Leonhard Reinhold September 22 1792 487
389

To Jacob Sigismund Beck September 27 1792 488
392

To Jacob Sigisnmnd Beck December 4 1792 549 444
394

To Jacob Sigismund Beck November 2 1792 496
395

From Jacob Sigismund Beck November n 1792 499
396

From Jacob Sigismund Beck May 32 1792 525
414

FromJobann Erich BiesterJune 18 1792 518
416

To Prince Aexander von Beloselsky Summer 1792 519
417

To Jacob Sigismund Beck July 3 1792 510
420

ToJobann Erich Biester July 30 1792 512
422

FromJobann Gottlieb Fichte August 6 1792 513
423

To the Theological Faculty in Konigsherg late August 1792
425

From Jacob Sigismund Beck September 8 1792 527
428

To Rudolph Gottlob Rath October 26 1792 536
433

To Jacob Sigismund Beck October 26 27 1792 537
434

To Ludwig Ernst Borowski October 24 1792 540
436

From Jacob Sigismund Beck November 10 1792 545
439

From Salomon Maimon November 30 1792 548
440

ToJobann Benjamin Erhard December 21 1792 551
447

From Maria von Herhert anuary 1793 554
450

From Jobann Benjamin Erhard January 17 1793 557
453

To Elisabeth Motherhy February 12 1793 559
455

To Carl Spener March 22 1793 564
456

To Ahrabam Gotthelf Kastner May 1793 572
457

To Carl Friedrich Staudlin May 4 1793 574
458

To Ma tern Reufi May 1793 575
459

To Friedrich Bouterwek May 7 1793 576
461

To Jacob Sigismund Beck August 18 1793 584
464

From Jobann Gottlieb Fichte September 20 1793 592
465

From Jobann Erich Biester October 5 1793 596
467

From Jobann Gottfried Carl Christian Kiesewetter November 13 1793 605
468

From Salomon Maimon December 2 1793 606
470

ToJobann Gottfried Carl Christian Kiesewetrer December 13 1793 609
472

From Maria von Herhert early 1794 624
474

To Karl Leonhard Reinhold March 18 1794 610
476

ToJobann Erich Biester April 10 1794611
477

ToJobann Erich Biester May 18 1794 615
478

From Jacob Sigismund BeckJune 17 1794 630
479

To Jacob Sigismund BeckJuly i 1794 634
482

From Friedrich August Nitsch July 251794 636
483

From Friedrich Wilhehn II October i 1794 640
485

To Friedrich Wilhehn II after October 12 1794 641
486

To Francois Theodore de la Garde November 24 1794 643
489

To Carl Friedrich Staudlin December 4 1794 644
490

From Samual Collenhusch December 26 1794 647
493

Letters 17951800
497

To Carl Leonhard Reinhold July i 1795 668
499

To Samuel Thomas Soemmerring August 10 1795 672
500

To Sanmel Thomas Soemmering September 17 1795 679
501

From Sophie Mereau December 1795 689
503

From Matern Reufi April i 1796 699
505

From Jacob Sigismund Beck June 20 1797 754
512

From Jacob Sigismund Beck June 24 1797 756
518

From Christian Weiss July 25 1797 764
524

ToJobann Gottlieb Fichte December 1797 789
534

1798
541

From Jobn Richardson June 22 1798 808
548

From Jobann Gottfried Carl Christian Kiesewetter
554

Biographical Sketches
563

Glossary
617

Index of Persons 63 3
633

Copyright


 

 

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康德歷史哲學論文集 - Google 圖書結果

台北:聯經

2002 - 309 頁
 康德的歷史哲學長久以來一直為國內學術界所忽略,往往被視為一套未成熟的理論,只是過渡到黑格爾、乃至馬克思的歷史哲學之橋樑。這是一種不幸的誤 解,因為康德的歷史哲學自成一套,與馬克思與黑格爾的歷史哲學屬於不同的類型。康德本人並未撰寫一部討論歷史哲學的專著,但是他有八種著作直接涉及歷史哲 學,包括1795年出版的《論永久和平》。
  本書包括這八種著作的中譯及註釋,書末並附有詳細的研究書目,供研究者參考之用。康德歷史哲 學名句摘錄「啟蒙是人類之超脫於他自己招致的未成年狀態。」──〈答「何謂啟蒙?」之問題〉「如果現在有人問道:我們目前是否生活在一個已啟蒙的時代?其 答案為:不然!但我們生活在一個啟蒙底時代。」──〈答「何謂啟蒙?」之問題〉「建國底問題不論聽起來是多麼艱難,甚至對於一個魔鬼底民族﹙只要他們有理 智﹚也是可以解決的。」──《論永久和平》「君王從事哲學思考,或者哲學家成為君王,這是不可遇,亦不可求的;因為權力之佔有必然會腐蝕理性之自由判 斷。」──《論永久和平》「自然底歷史始於「善」,因為它是上帝底作品;自由底歷史始於「惡」,因為它是人底作品。」──〈人類史之臆測的開端〉
作者簡介
李明輝
  原籍臺灣屏東,1953年出生於臺北市。國立政治大學哲學系及國立臺灣大學哲學研究所(碩士班)畢業。
  其後獲得「德國學術交流服務處」(DAAD)獎學金,赴德國波昂大學進修,於1986年獲得該校哲學博士。
  曾擔任國立臺灣大學哲學系客座副教授、中國文化大學哲學系副教授,目前為中央研究院中國文哲研究所研究員暨國立臺灣大學國家發展研究所合聘教授。
   主要著作有《儒家與康德》、《儒學與現代意識》、《康德倫理學與孟子道德思考之重建》、《當代儒學之自我轉化》、《康德倫理學發展中的道德情感問 題》(德文本)、《現代中國儒學》(德文本,即將出版),譯作有H. M. Baumgartner的《康德「純粹理性批判」導讀》、康德的《通靈者之夢》及《道德底形上學之基礎》。






Albert Schweitzer – Nobel Lecture
Nobel Lecture, November 4, 1954
The Problem of Peace
http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1952/schweitzer-lecture.html

它提中國的一些人,又說到康德提「永久和平」的歷淵 源。(Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), Zum ewigen Frieden (1795). English translation entitled Perpetual Peace (New York: Columbia University Press, 1932); the introduction is by Nicholas Murray Butler, Nobel Peace co-laureate for 1931. )最後引一節聖經。


May the men who hold the destiny of peoples in their hands, studiously avoid anything that might cause the present situation to deteriorate and become even more dangerous. May they take to heart the words of the Apostle Paul: "If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men".13 These words are valid not only for individuals, but for nations as well. May these nations, in their efforts to maintain peace, do their utmost to give the spirit time to grow and to act.

羅 馬 書 Romans 12:18 [hb5] 如若可能,應盡力與眾人和睦相處。
[kjv] If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.
[bbe] As far as it is possible for you be at peace with all men.

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