2013年1月16日 星期三

《萬物》 Ten Thousand Things:Module and Mass Production in Chinese Art


  Ten Thousand Things:
Module and Mass Production in Chinese Art
Lothar Ledderose

Winner of 2002 Joseph Levenson Book Prize for pre-1999 China.
Paper | 2001 | $45.00 / £30.95 | ISBN: 9780691009575
272 pp. | 8 1/2 x 11 | 16 color plates, 275 halftones, 50 line illus.

Chinese workers in the third century b.c. created seven thousand life-sized terracotta soldiers to guard the tomb of the First Emperor. In the eleventh century a.d., Chinese builders constructed a pagoda from as many as thirty thousand separately carved wooden pieces. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, China exported more than a hundred million pieces of porcelain to the West. As these examples show, the Chinese throughout history have produced works of art in astonishing quantities--and have done so without sacrificing quality, affordability, or speed of manufacture. How have they managed this? Lothar Ledderose takes us on a remarkable tour of Chinese art and culture to explain how artists used complex systems of mass production to assemble extraordinary objects from standardized parts or modules. As he reveals, these systems have deep roots in Chinese thought--in the idea that the universe consists of ten thousand categories of things, for example--and reflect characteristically Chinese modes of social organization.
Ledderose begins with the modular system par excellence: Chinese script, an ancient system of fifty thousand characters produced from a repertoire of only about two hundred components. He shows how Chinese artists used related modular systems to create ritual bronzes, to produce the First Emperor's terracotta army, and to develop the world's first printing systems. He explores the dazzling variety of lacquerware and porcelain that the West found so seductive, and examines how works as diverse as imperial palaces and paintings of hell relied on elegant variation of standardized components. Ledderose explains that Chinese artists, unlike their Western counterparts, did not seek to reproduce individual objects of nature faithfully, but sought instead to mimic nature's ability to produce limitless numbers of objects. He shows as well how modular patterns of thought run through Chinese ideas about personal freedom, China's culture of bureaucracy, Chinese religion, and even the organization of Chinese restaurants.
Originally presented as a series of Mellon lectures at the National Gallery of Art, Ten Thousand Thingscombines keen aesthetic and cultural insights with a rich variety of illustrations to make a profound new statement about Chinese art and society.
Review:
"A truly unique book to clarify the mind about what Chinese art is now and what it was."--Choice
"[A] stimulating and provocative overview of the theme of creativity in Chinese art . . . This may be a book with a large and ambitious thesis, but it is also one very firmly grounded in specifics . . . illustrated with a richness and aptness which is rarely seen today . . . The clarity of exposition and the liveliness of the language makes each of the eight linked essays a pleasure to read on its own . . . The work deserves a wide readership, drawn from anyone who thinks that creativity matters."--Craig Clunas, Burlington Magazine
"While the idea that traditional China can be defined by its production processes is not entirely new, only with Lothar Ledderose's Ten Thousand Things has that argument been made comprehensively, and in terms that fully engage the social and art historian . . . [A]n excellent resource for the social and art history of China."--James A. Flath, Pacific Affairs
"Ledderose's book, although written to be accessible to a nonspecialist reader, should have an equally impressive impact on scholars. . . . After reading it, one cannot but be excited about the future direction and possibilities of Chinese art history."--Nancy Shatzman Steinhardt, Journal of Asian Studies
Table of Contents:
Acknowledgments vi
Introduction 1
1 The System of Script 9
2 Casting Bronze the Complicated Way 25
3 A Magic Army for the Emperor 51
4 Factory Art 75
5 Building Blocks, Brackets, and Beams 103
6 The Word in Print 139
7 The Bureaucracy of Hell 163
8 Freedom of the Brush? 187
Notes 215
Bibliography 229 分為西文/日韓文/中文
Glossary of Chinese Terms 252 未翻譯
Index 256
Picture Sources 264
Series:



《萬物》


《萬物》,書名。《萬物》由德國學者雷德候(Lothar Ledderose)所著,講述的是中國藝術中的模件化和規模化生產。全書分為八個章節,依次是:漢字系統、複雜的青銅鑄造術、神奇的始皇帝大軍、工廠藝術、建築構件、印刷文字、地獄的官府風貌、筆法可否自由。
圖書信息
基本信息
副標題: 中國藝術中的模件化和規模化生產
原作名: Ten Thousand Things: Module and Mass Production in Chinese Art
作者: ()雷德侯
譯者: 張總等
出版社: 生活·讀書·新知三聯書店
出版年: 2005-12-01 定價: 33.8/2012 2    39RMB
頁數: 344
裝幀: 平裝
叢書:開放的藝術史叢書
ISBN: 9787108022493
內容簡介
本書帶領讀者在中國藝術與文化之中作了一次深刻的旅行,提示了中國藝術家是在一個多麼複雜的體系之中,生產出成批的藝術品。這個體系深深植根於中國之思想觀念——宇宙是由萬物所構成的。
作者簡介
雷德侯1942127出生於慕尼黑。
1961-1969年在科隆、波恩、巴黎、台北、海德堡等地學習東亞藝術、歐洲藝術、漢學、日本學。
1969年以《清代的篆書》論文獲海德堡大學東亞藝術史博士,隨後至美國普林斯頓大學、哈佛大學修學。
1975-1976年供職於柏林國立博物館、東亞藝術博物館,1976年在科隆大學任教授,同年執教於海德堡大學東亞藝術史系,任系主任兼藝術史研究所所長,1978年任哲學歷史學院院長。
雷德侯還是德國東方學會會長、柏林學術院院士、德意志​​考古研究所通訊員、海德堡學術院院士、英國學術院通訊院士。曾任劍橋、芝加哥、台灣大學客座教授或特約研究員。
其主持的展覽有紫禁城的珍寶、兵馬俑大軍,日本與歐洲,​​中國明清繪畫等。著《米蒂與中國書法的古典傳統》、《蘭與石——柏林東亞藝術博物館藏中國書畫》,《萬物》於2002年獲列文森圖書獎。
200597,雷德侯因對亞洲藝術史的貢獻榮獲巴爾贊獎。
目錄
導言
第一章漢字系統
第二章複雜的青銅鑄造術
第三章神奇的始皇帝大軍
第四章工廠藝術
第五章建築構件:鬥栱與樑柱
第六章印刷文字
第七章地獄的官府風貌
第八章畫筆可否自由

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