2015年3月15日 星期日

沈雲龍編著《尹仲容先生年譜初稿》 尹仲容《呂氏春秋校釋》



台灣史上大小事/溫紳專欄
「財經教父」尹仲容的反鄉愿精神(1955年3月15日)
前後拉拔李國鼎、孫運璿、俞國華,當時有人善意勸他「少做少錯」;
但他根本不以為忤,反以「責任」兩字的拆字哲理來回辯道:「『責』字頭部是一個『主』字,下面是寶貝的『貝』字,只有負責才能產生寶貝的錢財,要是把責任推歸給他人,不就成了『債』字嗎?個人對國家負債,國家也必然弄到對人民負債;不但如此,要是他人的身旁,有了巧言令色之人,連任字也變成禍害了」。


沈雲龍編著《尹仲容先生年譜初稿》 台北:傳記文學,1972682+18+50+17
 讀我的下篇少作  
這本書應該是重複買的


尹仲容:「廉者,君子以自責,不宜以責人。惠者,君子以自盡,不宜以望於人。」頁438
繯橐,自盡,自責

 尹仲容先生1949.7.17致沈怡:" .......在檢討之中  知人私其所私思之風氣瀰漫中國  蓋知對人無  Cooperation對事無 Coordination   非虛言也.......最近閱Vogt 的The Road to Survival 雖屬於悲觀 然係確有見地之書......" (《尹仲容先生年譜初稿》頁100 已更正作者及書名)

ROAD TO SURVIVAL. By WILLIAM VOGT


這本書強調的人口問題的壓力  這也是50年代台灣的政經領域的壓力之源
譬如說 1955.4.6 尹仲容先生 在革命實踐研究院講的"台灣經濟建設問題" pp.286-318 說明政府撤退來台的數百萬人口的生產力無法維持日治時代的經濟水平......


 《尹仲容先生年譜初稿》有些地方過份簡略 譬如 1961年7月1日~7日的陽明山會談 只說 :
 "....討論反攻復國大計  先生應邀出席"一行 可能當時資料從缺 ( 頁597   下一記事日是7月14日  換句話說尹仲容先生的13天既錄從缺 )


William Vogt (May 15, 1902 – July 11, 1968) was an ecologist and ornithologist, with a strong interest in population control. He was the author of best-seller Road to Survival (1948), National Director of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and secretary of the Conservation Foundation.
William Vogt was born in Mineola, New York. After graduating with honors in 1925 from St. Stephens (now Bard) College, he was, among other things, an early opponent of marshland drainage for mosquito control and later assumed a series of positions that gave him the opportunity to further pursue his interests in birds and the environment.
In 1942, he was made Associate Director of the Division of Science and Education of the Office of the Coordinator in Inter-American Affairs. Later he served as Chief of the Conservation Section of the Pan American Union, he was given the opportunity to study the relationship between climate, population and resources, in various Latin American countries. These experiences formed the background to the perspective he later elaborated on in his Road to Survival, a book motivated by his strong belief that then-current trends in fertility and economic growth were rapidly destroying the environment and undermining the quality of life of future generations. Vogt’s most significant contribution was to link environmental and perceived overpopulation problems, warning in no uncertain terms that current trends would deliver future wars, hunger, disease and civilizational collapse.
Road to Survival was an influential best seller. It had a big impact on a Malthusian revival in the 1950s and 60s. After its publication he dedicated many activities to the cause of overpopulation. From 1951 to 1962, he served as a National Director of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America. In 1964, he became the Secretary of the Conservation Foundation. He served as a representative of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources to the United Nations until his death. "Upon his death on July 11, 1968, he was remembered for the provocative questions he had dared to ask and for tackling a subjectmatter that remained shrouded in controversy."[1]

References

  1. ^ Pierre Desrochers; Christine Hoffbauer (2009). "The Post War Intellectual Roots of the Population Bomb". The Electronic Journal of Sustainable Development 1(3): 73–97. Retrieved 2010-02-01.

 書評 

ROAD TO SURVIVAL. By WILLIAM VOGT. William One can imagine ...

eps.berkeley.edu/.../... - 翻譯這個網頁
檔案類型: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - 快速檢視
ROAD TO SURVIVAL. By WILLIAM VOGT. William. Slodne Associates, New York. 335 Pages. 1948. $4.00. One can imagine that we conservationists are sailing ...






沈怡是尹仲容的摯友沈雲龍編著《尹仲容先生年譜初稿》收他的"跋" 
文末引蕭伯納的:"
他忙碌得不想到死  他為生活的目的而欣賞
      生活不是殘燭 而是光亮的火炬
把握著這一煞那
       要使它盡量發光傳遞給後一代!"*



* 翻譯有點改動原文可能是
I want to be thoroughly used up when I die, for the harder I work, the more I live. I rejoice in life for its own sake.
Life is no ‘brief candle’ to me. It is sort of a splendid torch which I have a hold of for the moment, and I want to make it burn as brightly as possible before handing it over to future generations”.


Words of Knowledge: Life is no brief candle to me – G.B. Shaw ...

全文:

Life is no “brief candle” ...

www.thecoachingcenter.net/Newsletter/.../BriefCandle.... - 翻譯這個網頁
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George Bernard Shaw –. In an address at the Municipal Technical College and School of Art, at Brighton in 1907. Life is no “brief candle” ... (1) Macbeth (V, v, ...
www.thecoachingcenter.net/Newsletter/.../BriefCandle.... - 翻譯這個網頁
檔案類型: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - 快速檢視
George Bernard Shaw –. In an address at the Municipal Technical College and School of Art, at Brighton in 1907. Life is no “brief candle” ... (1) Macbeth (V, v, ...






身後但餘書滿架


尹仲容與呂氏春秋(1999/12)]


尹仲容《呂氏春秋校釋》國立編譯館(1958,1979再版)。
沈雲龍編著《尹仲容先生年譜初稿》,傳記文學社(1988年再版)。


尹仲如先生(1903-1963)是近代管理人(administrative man),對台灣的經濟發展等很有貢獻,很有中國讀書人的風骨。

《呂氏春秋校釋》是他讀書數十年,花了十來年功夫做出的,其中的<呂不韋與呂氏春秋>是一篇很好的導讀。

我們〝讀人〞,可以從〝他〞最用心的歷史人物(這常是夫子自道,對尹先生而言,郭嵩燾先生是也)及書籍著手。《尹氏春秋》在年譜乎?

對於「管理人珠戲」的讀者而言,《呂氏春秋》有另一千里因緣,赫塞在《玻璃珠遊戲》中引了大段的<大樂>章,是尹氏知音。

《呂氏春秋》是本很有「因時因地制宜」的系統政治學作品,尹先生的佳作是以<序言>做結論的(『古人著書,其自序必列於篇末』)︰


 「……這篇序意所說的『法天地』;所說的『上揆之天,下驗之地,中審之人』;所說的順天以生,固地以寧,信人以聽;所說的『無為而行』;所說的『行其數,循其理,平其私』,都是呂氏春秋內的基本思想。」(《呂氏春秋校譯》,第29頁。)

尹先生交大第二名畢業後到北洋政府上班(1925年),第一天發現官員們下午三時以後才有人施施從外頭來他每日仍在上午九時前往以後無論為首長,為部屬,總是先到後退。(年譜,第12頁)

他的嘉言妙行,真是一言難盡,《年譜初稿》是寶藏。舉個小例子,台灣剛開始生產電燈泡是〝搖頭〞的,壽命(可靠性,耐久性都差),是如何改善的呢?他到日本去,特別注意大阪的陶瓷場千來人員工中,有數百名是檢驗員(嚴格品管,注意這是六0年代,此行業很特殊。)

他是懂得中國官場「大官做小事,小官做大事」陋習的,他如何從科技官僚中學成財經的,這是我國經濟發展史中很有意思的一項課題,也就是說,這些人不用上EMBA,決策、做事仍是一流的。以美國國家品質獎而言,台灣應以「尹仲容(或李國鼎)品質獎」為名才好!

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